Location: Montgomery County Circuit Court, Room 107
Phone: (240) 777-9401
Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
- Types of Cases Handled by the Civil Department
- Basic Civil Procedures
- Things to Consider Before Filing a Civil Suit with the Court
- General Information Regarding Filing a Civil Case
- How to View and Copy Cases Filed with the Court
- General Information Regarding Administrative Appeals: How to File a Petition for Judicial Review of Agency Actions or Decisions
- Administrative Appeals
- Advanced Science and Technology Adjudication Resource (ASTAR)
- Auto Negligence
- Business and Technology (B&T)
- Breach of Contract
- Confessed Judgment
- District Court Appeals
- District Court Jury Demands
- Enrolling Judgments
- Foreign Decrees
- Medical Malpractice
- Miscellaneous Petitions to accomplish very specific acts
- Tax Liens
Standard Civil proceedings consist of the following steps or events. Scheduling of these events is detailed in the Montgomery County Circuit Court’s Civil Differentiated Case Management Plan:
- Filing of a Complaint
- Serving the Other Party/Parties
- Scheduling Conference
- Discovery and Investigation
- Pretrial Motions
- Settlement/Pretrial Conference
- Alternative Dispute Resolution
Filing your case with the Court initiates the Civil proceedings. See General Information Regarding Filing a Civil Case for additional information.
Before the case goes to trial, the court convenes a meeting with the parties to explore the possibility of settling the case.
Alternative Dispute Resolution ("ADR") refers to any means of settling disputes outside of the courtroom. The most common means of ADR are arbitration and mediation.
Consider, first, that taking a case to court can be an expensive way of solving your problem. In particular, if you sue and lose, the court may order you to pay the costs of the other party(ies), which could be significant. Second, there are several ways to settle your case without going to court, including mediation, arbitration, and negotiation between lawyers involved in the dispute. Third, when you compare possible alternatives to settlement, consider the cost of taking a case to court as opposed to the cost of each alternative approach. For more information about the possible ways to settle the dispute out of court and associated cost, consult your attorney.
If you have a complaint about a product and/or services that you purchased, or any other consumer-related complaints, including problems related to health care and financial matters, first contact or check the information available from the following government agencies:
Not all civil cases can be filed or may be appropriate to be filed with the court. Before filing your case with any court, consider the following 3 issues to determine the appropriate court in which to file your case:
Subject Matter Jurisdiction
One needs to determine whether a particular court has the power to hear a particular type of case. For filing civil cases in Maryland, the District Court has exclusive jurisdiction in civil matters of claims involving $5,000 or less. Claims involving amounts above $5,000 and below $25,000 may be filed in the Circuit Court, as well as in the District Court. The Circuit Court has jurisdiction of claims involving amounts in excess of $25,000 except in Landlord-Tenant matters or in replevin.
For additional information on filing civil claims in the District Court, see Maryland Attorney General's small claims.
- Personal Jurisdiction
One must also consider whether a particular court has power over the person being sued, that is, whether it is fair to sue a person in that court. To determine the existence of personal jurisdiction, the court will examine the defendant’s contact with and activities in the state in which the lawsuit is filed. While it is relatively easy to determine that a defendant is subject to the power of all courts sitting in the state where he/she is a resident or has substantial contact, it is much harder to answer the question in the case of non-resident defendants.
In addition, only individuals can file a civil suit. Companies cannot represent themselves; they must obtain legal counsel.
When a defendant has sufficient contacts in multiple states, and thus is subject to personal jurisdiction in numerous state and federal courts, these courts may have the power to hear a case involving the defendant. In a situation where multiple venues are available, one must decide the right court in which the lawsuit may be filed based on the existing state and federal venue rules.
In Maryland, most cases must be filed within 3 years of the time when it was first possible to file. If you are making an old claim, the court may dismiss your case by “statute of limitations”. If you are not certain, consult your attorney.
The rules for filing a civil case are in the Maryland Rules of Procedure, Title 2, Civil Procedure – Circuit Court (Chapters 100 through 600). Click here for the on-line Maryland Laws available from Maryland State Law Library.
A civil action is commenced by filing a complaint with the court. Again, a company cannot represent itself.
The caption of the complaint should be “In Montgomery County Circuit Court, Maryland”. The case caption should also include the name, address and telephone number of the Plaintiff (initiated by) and the name and address of the Defendant (filed against).
In the body of the complaint, state the facts of your case and what relief you are seeking from the court. If you are requesting a trial by jury, this should be stated at the end of your complaint and should be titled as such. The document must also be signed by the Plaintiff/person filing the case.
In addition to the original, one copy of the complaint must be provided for each defendant. You might also want to make a copy for your record.
$135.00 (check made payable to “Clerk of the Court”)
A Case Information Report must be filed with the court when a complaint is filed. The form can be obtained from the Clerk of the Court, or available on-line from the Maryland Judiciary (click here for the form).
Once your case is filed and docketed with the Clerk of the Court, the Clerk will generate the service packet which includes the summons, new case number, scheduling order and an additional copy of each document that must be provided by the Plaintiff at the time of filing.
The Clerk of the Court will mail the service packet to the Plaintiff or his/her counsel for service unless service by the Sheriff is requested.
The Summons can be served either by the Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office or by a private process server. YOU CANNOT SERVE THE DEFENDANT(S) YOURSELF.
If service is to be made in Montgomery County, you can request the Sheriff’s Office to serve your summons (and the other materials in the service packet) by filing a written request for the service along with the complaint. The service packet will be directly sent to the Sheriff’s Office for service. The fee for this is $40.00 for each service. This fee must be paid by check made payable to “Montgomery County Sheriff” at the time of filing.
You can also arrange to have a private process server serve the service packet. This could be done by either an adult aged 18 or older or by a private process company for a fee (see telephone directory under "Private Process Server"). Again, you cannot serve the Defendant(s) yourself. A private process company may be the best way to serve when the service needs to be made outside the County. Once your case is filed and docketed with the Clerk of the Court’s Office, the Clerk will mail the service packet for service to the Plaintiff.
All court files are open to the public except those that have been sealed by a court order. Central Files, located in Room 117 of the Montgomery County Circuit Court, houses and protects all Civil, Family, and Criminal files (except the most recent criminal files, which are located in the Criminal Department). The Circuit Court case number is required to request the court file. The indexes (individual and corporation from 1967 to the present) are located in the Central Files office.
You can request copies of papers in files from the Copy and Exhibit Room (Room 122b, Montgomery County Circuit Court). A fee for copying papers is $.50 per page. All Civil and Family case exhibits are housed in this office. The exhibits are open to the public except for cases sealed by order of court. The Circuit Court case number is used to request the exhibit.
You can also view docket information of any case filed in the State of Maryland except for sealed cases on-line at Maryland Judicial Case Search (Maryland Judiciary).
An Administrative Appeal is a petition to the Court to review an agency’s decision making process that yielded a particular decision or action of that agency. This section provides general instructions on how to file a Petition for Judicial Review of an administrative agency’s decisions or actions. If you do not agree with decisions made or actions taken by a state or local government agency, you may file a Petition for Administrative Appeal in the Circuit Court. However, keep in mind that the court does not substitute its judgment for that of the agency; the purpose of judicial review of agency decisions/actions is to examine its decision-making process in terms of the interpretation of applicable laws and the facts that the agency utilized in making decisions.
A petition seeking judicial review of decisions made by “any agency, board, department, district, commission, authority, commissioner, official, the Maryland Tax Court, or other unit of the State or of a political subdivision of the State” may be filed with the Court. (Maryland Rule 7-201 (b))
The following must appear in the caption of your Petition:
- Your name and address
- Name and address of the agency whose decision(s) you are seeking a Petition of Judicial Review, and
- Agency proceeding, including the case number
In the main body of the Petition, you must explicitly request judicial review, identify the order or action of which review is sought, and state whether you were a party to the agency proceeding. No other statements or allegations are necessary.
Make a copy of the Petition for each agency named and provide it to the Clerk of the Court when you file your Petition. Also make one copy for your records.
Yes, generally, a Petition for Judicial Review of an agency decision or action must be filed within 30 days after the decision or action in question was made, the notice of the order or action was sent (if the agency is required by law to send such a notice to you), or the day you received the notice of action or decision (if the law stipulates that you must receive such a notice).
$135.00 (check made payable to “Clerk of the Court”)
The filing party will receive a written notice from the agency named in the caption indicating the receipt of the Petition.
Within 60 days after the agency receives the first Petition for Judicial Review, the agency must provide the original or a certified copy of the proceedings, such as the transcript of testimony, exhibits, and other papers filed in the agency proceeding. If the testimony has been recorded but not transcribed before the filing of the Petition for Judicial Review, the filing party may be required to pay for the transcription. Upon the filing of the record, the Clerk of the Court will notify the filing party of the receipt of the record. A date for Administrative Appeal hearing will be scheduled upon the filing of the record.
Within 30 days after the Clerk of the Court sends notice of the filing of the record, a memorandum describing the questions presented for review, facts important to the questions, and argument on each question. Within 30 days after service of the memorandum, any person and the agency involved in the Petition may file an answering memorandum in similar form. A reply memorandum may be filed within 15 days after service of an answering memorandum.
Based on the facts provided by the parties and agency, the Court may dismiss the action for judicial review; or may affirm, reverse, or modify the agency’s order, remand the action to the agency for further proceedings; or a combination of these.
Before filing a Petition for Judicial Review of a decision by the Workers’ Compensation Commission, a copy of the Petition must be served by first class mail on the Commission and each party of record in the proceeding before the Commission. A Certificate of Service must be filed when the Petition is filed with the court. Memoranda are not required for a Petition seeking Judicial Review of a decision made by the Workers’ Compensation Commission.
Maryland Rules 7-201 through 210 (Chapter 200. Judicial Review of Administrative Agency Decisions) cover Judicial Review of administrative agency decisions. Maryland State Rules and Codes are available on-line from Maryland State Law Library (Click here to access the Library’s “Source of Maryland Laws” page and select “Maryland Rules and Procedures”).
An appeal is a proceeding in which a party to the case disagrees with the Circuit Court judge’s ruling and wants the case to be heard in a higher court. The appeal has to be made within 30 days after the final judgment is entered. The appeal is noted in the Circuit Court to the Court of Special Appeals if a defendant in a criminal case or either party in a civil or family law case does not agree with the court decision.
Once an appeal is filed with the Appeals Clerk at the Circuit Court (located in the court’s Civil and Family Law window), all necessary original papers, including the original transcript (to be provided by the person filing the appeal) are sent to the Court of Special Appeals by the deadline provided in the order from the Court of Special Appeals.
Filing Fees: $110.00 (cash, money order, or check payable to the "Clerk of Court"). No credit cards accepted.
Appeals filed from the District Court to the Circuit Court
After the Circuit Court decision, if a party wishes to appeal the second time, a petition for a writ of certiorari must be filed with the Court of Appeals in Annapolis in a timely manner.
50 Maryland Avenue, Rockville, Maryland 20850
Office Hours: Monday through Friday, 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM