AGENDA ITEM 4C
December 10, 2013
Introduction
MEMORANDUM
TO:
FROM:
County Council
~
Glenn Orlin, Deputy Council Administrator
~ichael
Faden, Senior Legislative Attorney
Introduction:
Bill 33-13, Streets and Roads
Pedestrian Safety Improvements
SUBJECT:
Urban Road Standards and
Bill 33-13, Streets and Roads - Urban Road Standards and Pedestrian Safety
Improvements, sponsored by Council member Berliner, is scheduled to be introduced on
December 10,2013. A public hearing is tentatively scheduled for January 23,2014, at 7:30 p.m.
Bill 33-13 would limit the width of travel lanes, turning lanes, and parking lanes, as well
as the size of intersection curb radii in urban areas. Curb extensions (sidewalk bulb-outs) would
be required in many cases where a road in an urban area is reconstructed. The Bill also would
set target speeds at which vehicles should operate in specific contexts, to provide both for
mobility for motor vehicles and a safe environment for pedestrians and bicyclists.
The Bill would require certain road improvements to include a sufficient pedestrian
refuge area, direct developers building road improvements to add curb ramps where appropriate,
and require curb ramps to be built in accordance with federal ADA Best Practices.
This packet contains:
Bill 33-13
Legislative Request Report
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Bill No.
33-13
Concerning: Streets and Roads - Urban
Road Standards and Pedestrian
Safety Improvements
Revised: _ _ _ _ _ Draft No.
Introduced:
December 10, 2013
Expires:
June 10, 2015
Enacted: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Executive: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Effective: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Sunset Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Ch. _ _, Laws of Mont. Co. _ __
COUNTY COUNCIL
FOR MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND
By: Councilmember Berliner
AN
ACT to:
(1)
specify maximum standards for lane widths and curb radii on urban
roads,
(2)
further define certain required certain pedestrian improvements; and
(3)
generally amend the laws governing road design and construction.
By amending
Montgomery County Code
Chapter 49, Streets and Roads
Sections 49-4, 49-29, 49-32, and 49-33
Boldface
Underlining
[Single boldface brackets]
Double underlining
[[Double boldface brackets]]
* * *
Heading or defined term.
Added to exisling law by original bill.
Deletedfrom existing law by original bill.
Added by amendment.
Deletedfrom existing law or the bill by amendment.
Existing law unaffected by bill.
The County Council for Montgomery County, Maryland approves the following Act.'
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BILL No. 33 -13
1
Sec.
1.
Sections 49-4, 49-29, 49-32, and 49-33 are amended as follows:
49-4.
Public-private participation.
The County Executive, on behalf of the County, may contract with any person,
who is building a real estate development or subdivision in the County, to participate
in the cost of anJ! street, sidewalk, bikeway, gutter, curb or drainage construction,
landscaping, traffic control device, bikeshare station, electric vehicle charging
station, or placement of utilities.1 conduits or amenities in a street or road dedicated to
public use.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
49-25.
Purpose and short title.
This Article is intended to guide the planning, design, and construction of
transportation facilities in the public right-of-way. Each transportation facility in the
County must be planned and designed to:
(a)
(b)
maximize the choice, safety, convenience, and mobility of all users,
respect and maintain the particular character of the community where it
is located, [and]
(
c)
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
minimize stormwater runoff and otherwise preserve the natural
environment.1 and
@
facilitate the future accommodation of improved transportation
technology elements, such as intelligent signals, smart meters, electric
vehicle charging, car- and bicycle-sharing, and way-finding systems.
20
21
To achieve these goals, each County road and street must be designed so that
the safety and convenience of all users of the roadway system - including pedestrians,
bicyclists, transit users, automobile drivers, commercial vehicles and freight haulers,
and emergency service vehicles - is accommodated. Each road and street must
facilitate multi-modal use and assure that all users can travel [safety] safely in the
public right of way. A specified quantity of stormwater must be managed and treated
on- site, in the road or street right-of-way, including through the use of vegetation­
22
23
24
25
26
27
(j;;
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BILL
No.
33 -13
28
based infiltration techniques.
These [contest] context-sensitive policies must be
29
30
employed in all phases of publicly or privately funded facility development,
including planning, design, construction, [and] reconstruction.'!. and streetscaping.
31
*
49-26.
Definitions.
*
*
*
32
33
*
*
34
35
36
37
38
Target Speed:
the speed at which vehicles should operate on a [throoughfare]
thoroughfare in a specific context, consistent with the level of multi modal activity
generated by adjacent land uses, to provide mobility for motor vehicles and a safe
environment for pedestrians and bicyclists. [The target speed is usually the posted
speed limit.]
39
40
*
49-29.
*
*
*
*
Pedestrian walkways, bikeways, and wheelchair traffic.
41
42
43
44
*
(b)
To promote the safety of bicycle and wheelchair travel throughout the
County, the County Executive must [establish] adopt, by regulation,
standards and specifications to build and maintain ramps at curbed
intersections· and storm water gratings and other openings along roads
and streets,
in
each case of a design and type that is not a hazard to
bicycle and wheelchair traffic and is consistent with Americans with
Disabilities Act best practices guidelines published
by
the United States
Department of Justice. These ramps, gratings, and openings must be
built and maintained as part of each project under subsection (a).
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
49-32.
Design standards for types of roads.
(a)
The design standards adopted under this Article govern the construction
or reconstruction of any County road except Rustic Roads and
Exceptional Rustic Roads.
If the Planning Board, in approving a
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(J)
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BUNo.33-13
55
56
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subdivision or site plan, [determines] finds that a waiver from any
applicable design standard is necessary to promote context-sensitive
design of a specific road, the Executive or the Executive's designee
must adopt the Board's recommendation unless the Executive or
[the]
designee [concludes that] notifies the Board why approving the waiver
would significantly impair public safety. The County Council may
adopt alternative standards for a specific road constructed or
reconstructed in a project in the approved capital improvements
program.
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59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
*
(g)
*
*
Each through travel or turning lane on an urban road must be no wider
than 10 feet, except
~
through travel or turning lane abutting an outside
curb, which must be no wider than
67
68
11
feet, including the gutter pan.
~
Each parking lane on an urban road must be no wider than
including the gutter pan.
feet,
69
70
71
.ili.l
The curb radius at the comer of each intersection of urban roads must
not exceed
12
feet. Curb extensions must be provided at the ends of
~
72
73
each permanent parking lane except where
designated.
right-tum lane is
74
75
ill
Each pedestrian refuge must be at least
Q
feet wide. A pedestrian refuge
must be provided at each intersection on
more through travel lanes.
~
divided highway with
Q
or
76
77
ill
Unless otherwise specified in
~
master plan or the approved capital
78
79
improvements program, the target speeds in the table below must
govern the construction or reconstruction of any County road except
Rustic Roads and Exceptional Rustic Roads:
80
o
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BILL
No. 33 -13
Classification
Freeway
Controlled Major Highway
Parkway
Target
S~eed
55-65 mQh
50mQh
urban: 25 mQh
suburban: 40 mQh
urban: 25 m12h
Major Highway
suburban: 35-40 m12h
rural: 45 mQh
*
suburban: 40 mQh
rural: 40-45 m12h
*
urban: 25 mQh
suburban: 35 mQh
rural: 40 m12h
*
urban: 25 m12h
Countn: Arterial
Arterial
Minor Arterial
suburban: 30 mQh
rural: 35 mQh
*
25 mQh
25mQh
25 m12h
25mQh
20 m12h
20mQh
Business District Street
Industrial Street
Countn: Road
Primary and PrinciQal SecondarY Residential
Streets
Secondan: Residential Streets
Tertian: Residential Street
Alley
81
15 mQh
*Target s12eed for these classifications in suburban and rural commercIal
82
83
84
zones is 30 m12h.
49-33.
Road construction requirements.
*
*
*
o
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BILL NO.
33 -13
85
(e)
If a lot or lots front on a public road, the permittee must install
sidewalks, ramps, curbs, and gutters, except on any Secondary or
Tertiary Residential Street[,] or on any Service Drive fronting on any lot
in a residential zone. This requirement does not apply if the minimum
net lot area for a one-family detached dwelling in that zone is larger
than 25,000 square feet, except that [a sidewalk must be installed] the
permittee must install sidewalks and ramps on any primary or higher
classification road.
However, the Planning Board may require the
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applicant to install sidewalks, ramps, curbs, and gutters in any such zone
if the Board finds, as a condition of approval of a preliminary
subdivision plan or site plan, that sidewalks, ramps, curbs, and gutters at
that location are necessary to allow access:
(1)
(2)
(3)
to a sidewalk;
to a bus or other public transit stop;
to an amenity or public facility that will be used by occupants of
the site or subdivision; or
(4)
by persons with disabilities.
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
Before the Planning Board approves any requirement under the
preceding sentence, the Board must give the Departments of Permitting
Services and Transportation a reasonable opportunity to comment on
the proposed requirement.
104
105
106
107
*
Approved:
*
*
108
109
Craig L. Rice, President, County Council
Date
(!)
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LEGISLATIVE REQUEST REPORT
Streets and Roads
DESCRIPTION:
Bill 33-13
Urban Road Standards and Pedestrian Safety Improvements
Limits the width of travel lanes, turning lanes, and parking lanes, as
well as the size of intersection curb radii in· urban areas. Requires
curb extensions (sidewalk bulb-outs) in many cases where a road in
an urban area is reconstructed. Sets target speeds at which vehicles
should operate in specific contexts.
Requires certain road
improvements to include a sufficient pedestrian refuge area, directs
developers building road improvements to add curb ramps where
appropriate, and requires curb ramps to be built
in
accordance with
federal ADA Best Practices.
Certain design standards currently do not produce roads that are
appropriate for urban areas and do not provide sufficient
accommodate for pedestrians and bicyclists.
To provide both for mobility for motor vehicles and a safer
environment for pedestrians and bicyclists.
Department of Transportation, Department of Permitting Services,
Planning Board
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be researched.
Michael Faden, Senior Legislative Attorney, 240-777-7905
Glenn Orlin, Deputy Council Administrator, 240-777-7936
To be researched.
PROBLEM:
GOALS AND
OBJECTIVES:
COORDINATION:
FISCAL IMPACT:
ECONOMIC
IMPACT:
EVALUATION:
EXPERIENCE
ELSEWHERE:
SOURCE OF
INFORMATION:
APPLICATION
WITHIN
MUNICIPALITIES:
PENALTIES:
Not applicable.
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