AGENDA ITEM 1
January 23, 2014
Public Hearing
.MEMORANDUM
TO:
FROM:
Transportation, Infrastructure, Energy and Environment Committee
8
~ichael
Faden, Senior Legislative Attorney
c
Glenn Orlin, Deputy Council Administrator
SUBJECT:
Public Hearing:
Bill 33-13, Streets and Roads - Urban Road Standards and
Pedestrian Safety Improvements
Bill
33-13, Streets and Roads
Urban Road Standards and Pedestrian Safety
Improvements, sponsored by Councilmembers Berliner and Riemer, was introduced on
December
10,
2013. A Transportation, Infrastructure, Energy and Environment Committee
worksession is tentatively scheduled for February 6, at 9:30 a.m.
Bill 33-13 would limit the width of travel lanes, turning lanes, and parking lanes, as well
as the size of intersection curb radii in urban areas. Curb extensions (sidewalk bulb-outs) would
be required in many cases where a road in an urban area is reconstructed. The
Bill
also would
set target speeds at which vehicles should operate in specific contexts, to provide both for
mobility for motor vehicles and a safe environment for pedestrians and bicyclists.
The
Bill
would require certain road improvements to include a sufficient pedestrian
refuge area, direct developers building road improvements to add curb ramps where appropriate,
and require curb ramps to be built
in
accordance with federal ADA Best Practices.
This packet contains:
Bill 33-13
Legislative Request Report
Fiscal and Economic Impact statement
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Bill No.
33-13
Concerning: Streets and Roads - Urban
Road Standards and Pedestrian
Safety Improvements
Revised: _ _ _ _ _ Draft No.
Introduced:
December 10, 2013
Expires:
June 10, 2015
Enacted: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Executive: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Effective: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Sunset Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Ch. _ _, Laws of Mont. Co. _ __
COUNTY COUNCIL
FOR MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND
By: Councilmember Berliner
AN
ACT to:
(1)
specifY maximum standards for lane widths and curb radii on urban
roads,
(2)
further defme certain required certain pedestrian improvements; and
(3)
generally amend the laws governing road design and construction.
By amending
Montgomery County Code
Chapter 49, Streets and Roads
Sections 49-4, 49-29, 49-32, and 49-33
Boldface
Underlining
[Single boldface brackets]
Double underlining
[[Double boldface brackets]]
* * *
Heading or defined term.
Added to existing law by original bill.
Deletedjrom existing law by original bill.
Added by amendment.
Deletedjrom existing law or the bill by amendment.
Existing law unaffected by bill.
The County Council for Montgomery County, Maryland approves the following Act.'
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BILL
No.
33 -13
1
Sec. 1. Sections 49-4, 49-29, 49-32,
and
49-33 are amended as follows:
49-4.
Public-private participation.
The County Executive, on behalf of the County, may contract with any person,
who is building a real estate development or subdivision in the County, to participate
in the cost of any street, sidewalk, bikeway, gutter, curb or drainage construction,
landscaping, traffic control device, bikeshare station, electric vehicle charging
station, or placement of utilities.1 conduits or amenities in a street or road dedicated to
public use.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
49-25.
Purpose
and
short title.
This Article is intended to guide the planning, design, and construction of
11
12
transportation facilities in the public right-of-way. Each transportation facility in the
County must be planned and designed to:
(a)
maximize the choice, safety, convenience, and mobility of all users,
13
14
15
(b) respect and maintain the particular character of the community where it
is located, [and]
(c)
minimize stormwater runoff and otherwise preserve the natural
environment.1 and
@
16
17
18
facilitate the future accommodation of improved transportation
technology elements, such as intelligent signals, smart meters, electric
vehicle charging, car- and bicycle-sharing, and way-finding systems.
19
20
21
To achieve these goals, each County road and street must be designed so that
the safety and convenience of all users of the roadway system - including pedestrians,
bicyclists, transit users, automobile drivers, commercial vehicles and freight haulers,
and emergency service vehicles - is accommodated.
Each road and street must
22
23
24
25
26
27
facilitate multi-modal use and assure that all users can travel [safety] safely in the
public right of way. A specified quantity of stormwater must be managed and treated
on- site, in the road or street right-of-way, including through the use of vegetation­
(iJ
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BILL No.
33 -13
28
29
based infiltration techniques.
These [contest] context-sensitive policies must be
employed in all phases of publicly or privately funded facility development,
including planning, design, construction, [and] reconstruction.! and streetscaping.
30
31
32
*
49-26.
Definitions.
*
*
*
33
*
*
34
35
Target Speed:
the speed at which vehicles should operate on a [throoughfare]
thoroughfare in a specific context, consistent with the level of multimodal activity
generated by adjacent land uses, to provide mobility for motor vehicles and a safe
environment for pedestrians and bicyclists. [The target speed is usually the posted
speed limit.]
36
37
38
39
40
41
*
49-29.
*
*
Pedestrian walkways, bikeways, and wheelchair traffic.
*
(b)
*
*
42
43
44
To promote the safety of bicycle and wheelchair travel throughout the
County, the County Executive must [establish] adopt, by regulation,
standards and specifications to build and maintain ramps at curbed
intersections and storm water gratings and other openings along roads
and streets, in each case of a design and type that is not a hazard to
bicycle and wheelchair traffic and is consistent with Americans with
Disabilities Act best practices guidelines published
.by
the United States
Department of Justice. These ramps, gratings, and openings must be
built and maintained as part of each project under subsection (a).
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
49-32.
Design standards for types of roads.
(a)
The design standards adopted under this Article govern the construction
or reconstruction of any County road except Rustic Roads and
Exceptional Rustic Roads.
If the Planning Board, in approving a
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(})-
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BILL
No.
33 -13
55
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subdivision or site plan, [detennines] finds that a waiver from any
applicable design standard is necessary to promote context-sensitive
design of a specific road, the Executive or the Executive's designee
must adopt the Board's recommendation unless the Executive or [the]
designee [concludes that] notifies the Board why approving the waiver
would significantly impair public safety_ The County Council may
adopt alternative standards for a specific road constructed or
reconstructed in a project in the approved capital improvements
program.
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61
62
63
64
65
*
*
*
Each through travel or turning lane on an urban road must be no wider
than 10 feet, except
.@:
through travel or turning lane abutting an outside
curb, which must be no wider than
II
feet, including the gutter pan.
Each parking lane on an urban road must be no wider than
including the gutter pan.
~
66
67
68
feet,
69
70
71
!hl
The curb radius at the comer of each intersection of urban roads must
not exceed
12
feet.
Curb extensions must be provided at the ends of
.@:
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75
76
77
78
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80
each penn anent parking lane except where
designated.
right-tum lane is
ill
Each pedestrian refuge must be at least
Q
feet wide. A pedestrian refuge
must be provided at each intersection on
more through travel lanes.
.@:
divided highway with
Q
or
ill
Unless otherwise specified in
.@:
master plan or the approved capital
improvements program, the target speeds in the table below must
govern the construction or reconstruction of any County road except
Rustic Roads and Exceptional Rustic Roads:
tV
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BILL
No.
33 -13
Classification
Freeway
Controlled Major Highway
Parkway
Target S[!eed
55-65 mQh
50mQh
urban: 25 mQh
suburban: 40 mQh
r-
urban: 25 mQh
suburban: 35-40 mQh
..
­
Major Highway
rural: 45 mQh
*
Country Arterial
suburban: 40 mQh
rural: 40-45 mQh
*
urban: 25 mQh
Arterial
suburban: 35 mQh
rural: 40 mQh
*
urban: 25 mQh
Minor Arterial
suburban: 30 mQh
rural: 35 mQh
*
Business District Street
Industrial Street
Country Road
Primary and PrinciQal Secondary Residential
Streets
Secondary Residential Streets
Tertiary Residential Street
Alley
81
25 mQh
25 mQh
25 mQh
25 m.Qh
20mQh
20mQh
15 mQh
*Target speed for these classifications in suburban and rural commercial
82
83
zones is 30 mph.
49-33.
Road construction requirements.
84
*
*
*
o
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BILL
No. 33 -13
85
(e)
If a lot or lots front on a public road, the permittee must install
sidewalks, ramps, curbs, and gutters, except on any Secondary or
Tertiary Residential Street[,] or on any Service Drive fronting on any lot
in a residential zone. This requirement does not apply if the minimum
net lot area for a one-family detached dwelling in that zone is larger
than 25,000 square feet, except that [a sidewalk must be installed] the
permittee must install sidewalks and ramps on any primary or higher
classification road.
However, the Planning Board may require the
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94
applicant to install sidewalks, ramps, curbs, and gutters in any such zone
if the Board finds, as a condition of approval of a preliminary
subdivision plan or site plan, that sidewalks, ramps, curbs, and gutters at
that location are necessary to allow access:
(1)
(2)
(3)
to a sidewalk;
to a bus or other public transit stop;
to an amenity or public facility that will be used by occupants of
the site or subdivision; or
(4)
by persons with disabilities.
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
Before the Planning Board approves any requirement under the
preceding sentence, the Board must give the Departments of Permitting
Services and Transportation a reasonable opportunity to comment on
the proposed requirement.
105
106
107
*
Approved:
*
*
108
109
Craig L. Rice, President, County Council
Date
o
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LEGISLAriVE REQUEST REPORT
Bill 33-13
Streets and Roads
-
Urban Road Standards and Pedestrian Safety Improvements
DESCRIPTION:
Limits the width of travel lanes, turning lanes, and parking lanes, as
well as the size of intersection curb radii in urban areas. Requires
curb extensions (sidewalk bulb-outs) in many cases where a road in
an urban area is reconstructed. Sets target speeds at which vehicles
should operate in specific contexts.
Requires certain road
improvements to include a sufficient pedestrian refuge area, directs
developers building road improvements to add curb ramps where
appropriate, and requires curb ramps to be built in accordance with
federal ADA Best Practices.
Certain design standards currently do not produce roads that are
appropriate for urban areas and do not provide sufficient
accommodate for pedestrians and bicyclists.
To provide both for mobility for motor vehicles and a safer
environment for pedestrians and bicyclists.
Department of Transportation, Department of Permitting Services,
Planning Board
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be researched.
Michael Faden, Senior Legislative Attorney, 240-777-7905
Glenn Orlin, Deputy Council Administrator, 240-777-7936
To be researched.
PROBLEM:
GOALS AND
OBJECTIVES:
COORDINATION:
FISCAL IMPACT:
ECONOMIC
IMPACT:
EVALUATION:
EXPERIENCE
ELSEWHERE:
SOURCE OF
INFORMATION:
APPLICATION
WITHIN
MUNICIPALITIES:
PENALTIES:
Not applicable.
F:ILAWIBILLS\ 1333 Streets And Roads - Urban RoadslLEGISLATIVE REQUEST REPORT. Doc
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ROCKVILLE, MARYLAND
MEMORANDUM
January 13,2014
TO:
FROM:
Craig Rice, President, County Council
Jennifer A. Hughes, Director, Office
Joseph F. Beach, Director, Department
Council Bill 33-13, Streets and Roads
Safety Improvements
OfManage~BUdge~
ofFinanc,.~
U
SUBJECT:
Urban Road Standards and Pedestrian
Please fmd attached the fiscal and economic impact statements for the above­
referenced executive regulation.
JAH:fz
cc: Bonnie Kirkland, Assistant Chief Administrative Officer
Lisa Austin, Offices of the County Executive
Joy Nurmi, Special Assistant to the County Executive
Patrick Lacefield, Director, Public Information Office
Joseph F. Beach, Director, Department of Finance
Michael Coveyou, Department of Finance
Kevin Myers, Department of Finance
Robert Hagedoom, Department of Finance
Arthur Holmes, Department of Transportation
Bruce Johnston, Department ofTransportation
Naeem Mia, Office of Management and Budget
Alex Espinosa, Office of Management and Budget
Felicia Zhang, Office of Management and Budget
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Fiscal Impact Statement
Council Bill 33-13, Streets and Roads - Urban Road Standards and
Pedestrian Safety Improvements
1.
Legislative Summary
The proposed bill:
• Limits the widths oftravel lanes, turning lanes, and parking lanes, as well as the
size of intersection curb radii in urban areas;
• Requires curb extensions (sidewalk bulb-outs) in many cases where a road in an
urban area is reconstructed;
• Sets target speeds
at
which vehicles should operate in specific contexts;
• Requires certain road improvements to include a sufficient pedestrian refuge area;
• Directs developers building road improvements to add curb ramps where
appropriate; and
• Requires curb ramps to be built in accordance with the federal Americans with
Disabilities Act (ADA) best practices.
2. An estimate of changes in County revenues and expenditures regardless of whether
the revenues or expenditures are assumed in the recommended or approved budget.
Includes source of information, assumptions, and methodologies used.
The proposed legislation does not impact County revenues.
The fiscal impact on expendi11JreS is limited to the cost of modifications to construction
plans currently in the design stage. The range of costs of these modifications is unknown;
such additional costs would be site specific and cannot be forecasted with any reliability.
For example, a project further along in design would incur a higher cost for the
modifications under the proposed bill compared to a project in an early planning phase.
In
addition, the fiscal impact to a project is dependent on its size, complexity, and scope
(Le., a project with two or more turning lanes would require more modifications than a
project with a single turning lane).
3. Revenue and expenditure estimates covering at least the next 6 fiscal years.
See item #2 above.
4.
An
actuarial analysis through the entire amortization period for each bill that would
affect retiree pension or group insurance costs.
Not applicable.
5. Later actions that may affect future revenue and expenditures
if
the bill authorizes
future spending.
Not applicable.
6.
An
estimate of the staff time needed to implement the bill.
The impact to
staff
time needed to implement the bill would be limited to potential
modifications of construction plans currently
in
the design process.
It
is estimated that
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this impact would be minimal, but would be site specific and cannot be forecast with any
reliability.
7. An explanation of how the addition of new staff responsibilities would affect other
duties.
Not applicable.
8.
An
estimate of costs when an additional appropriation
is
needed.
Impact on expenditures is limited to the cost of modifications to construction plans
currently in design.
It
is not known with any specificity the value of these additional
costs. Such additional costs would be site specific and cannot be forecasted with any
reliability .
9. A description of any variable that could affect revenue and cost estimates.
Variables include the time and cost to modify current plans not yet approved and
additional construction costs such as labor and materials for constructing to the proposed
standards.
10. Ranges of revenue or expenditures that are uncertain or difficult to project.
Uncertain expenditures include: the additional time needed for design and the cost of
labor and materials needed for modifying a project to the proposed standards.
11.
If
a bill is likely to have no fiscal impact, why that is the case.
The bill is likely to have a fiscal impact to the expenditure items specified in item #10.
12. Other f"lScal impacts or comments.
Not applicable.
13. The following contributed to and concurred with this analysis: (Enter name and
department).
Bruce Johnston, Department of Transportation
Naeem Mia, Office of Management and Budget
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Economic Impact Statement
Bill 33-13, Streets and Roads - Urban Road Standards and Pedestrian Safety
Improvements
Background:
This legislation would limit the width of travel lanes, turning lanes, parking lanes, and the
size of intersection curb radii in urban areas. Bill
33-13
(Bill)
would require curb
extensions where a road in an urban area is reconstructed. The Bill would set vehicle
speed limits, provide for mobility ofmotor vehicles, and safety for pedestrians and
bicyclists.
1.
The sources of information, assumptions, and methodologies used.
The Department of Finance assumes that this bill will not affect construction plans
that have been approved by the Montgomery County Planning Department and
permits issues by the Department of Permitting Services.
2. A description of any variable that could affect the economic impact estimates.
Costs to developers to modify current plans not yet approved and additional
construction costs such as labor and materials.
3. The Bill's positive or negative effect,
if
any on employment, spending, saving,
investment, incomes, and property values in the County.
Because of the possibility of additional costs to the developers above current
specifications as discussed
in
paragraph 2, it is not known with any specificity the
value of those costs. Therefore such costs would be site specific and cannot be
forecasted with any reliability.
4.
If
a Bill is likely to have no economic impact, why is that the case?
It
is uncertain that the Bill would or would not have an economic impact because of
the availability of specific data.
5. The following contributed to and concurred with this analysis: David Platt and
Rob Hagedoom, Finance.
Ddte
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