AGENDA ITEM #11
January 27, 2015
Public Hearing
MEMORANDUM
January 23, 2015
TO:
FROM:
SUBJECT:
County Council
Amanda Mihill, Legislative
Attomey~UlJ
Public Hearing:
Bill 50-14, Animal Control - Retail Pet Stores
Bill 50-14, Animal Control - Retail Pet Stores, sponsored by then Council Vice President
Leventhal, Councilmembers Navarro, Branson, Riemer, Berliner, Eirich, then Council President
Rice and Councilmember Katz, was introduced on October 28, 2014. A Public Safety
Committee worksession is tentatively scheduled for February 5 at 3:30 p.m.
Bill 50-14 would prohibit certain retail pet stores from selling certain animals bred in certain
breeding facilities. Specifically, Bill 50-14 would prohibit any pet store that operates in the
County's jurisdiction to sell any dog or cat unless the animal was obtained from an animal care
facility or a non-profit rescue organization.
On October 16, the Public Safety Committee received a briefing on puppy and kitten mills from
the Humane Society and the Division of Animal Services. The Council staff packet for that
be
found
at
the
following
link:
briefing
can
http://www.montgomerycountymd.gov/council/Resow-ces/Files/agenda/cm/2014/ 141016/201410
16
PS4.pdf. A copy of the Powerpoint presentation provided at that meeting is attached on ©6.
This packet contains:
Bill 50-14
Legislative Request Report
Powerpoint presentation to Public Safety Committee
Fiscal and Economic Impact statement
Circle#
1
5
6
34
F:\LAW\BILLS\1450 Animal Control-Retail Pet Stores\PH Memo.Doc
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Bill No.
50-14
Concerning: Animal Control - Retail Pet
Stores
Revised: 10/17/2014
Draft No. 2
Introduced:
October 28, 2014
Expires:
April 28. 2016
Enacted: - - - - - - - - - -
Executive: - - - - - - - - -
Effective: - - - - - - - - - -
Sunset Date: -"-'"No n_,,e_ _ _ _ __
......
Ch. _ _ , Laws of Mont. Co. _ __
COUNTY COUNCIL
FOR MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND
By: Council Vice President Leventhal and Councilmembers, Navarro,
Branson, Riemer, Berliner, Elrich, and Katz
AN ACT
to:
(1)
(2)
prohibit certain retail pet stores from selling certain animals bred in certain breeding
facilities; and
generally amend County animal control law.
By adding
Montgomery County Code
Chapter 5, Animal Control
Article V
Sections 5-405, 5-406, and 5-407
Boldface
Underlining
[Single boldface brackets]
Double underlining
[[Double boldface brackets]]
* * *
Heading or defined term.
Added to existing law by original bill.
Deletedfrom existing law by original bill.
Added by amendment.
Deletedfrom existing law or the bill by amendment.
Existing law unqffected by bill.
The County Council for Montgomery County, Maryland approves the following Act:
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Bill
No. 50-14
1
Sec. 1. Article V (Sections 5-405, 5-406, and 5-407) is added as follows:
Article V. Retail Sale of Dogs and Cats
5-405. Legislative Findings.
The County Council finds and declares that:
ill)
2
3
4
5
A significant number of puppies and kittens sold at retail pet stores
throughout the United States come from large-scale, commercial
breeding facilities where the health and welfare of the animals are not
adequately provided for
("puppy mills"
and "kitten mills,"
6
7
8
9
10
respectively). According to The Humane Society of the United States,
it is estimated that 10,000 puppy mills produce more than 2,400,000
puppies
~
year
in
the United States and that most dogs and cats sold
in
retail pet stores come from puppy and kitten mills.
(hl
The documented abuses endemic to puppy and kitten mills include
over-breeding, inbreeding, minimal to non-existent veterinary care,
lack of adequate and nutritious food, water or shelter, lack of
socialization, lack of adequate space, and lack of adequate exercise.
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
.(£)
The inhumane conditions in puppy and kitten mill facilities lead to
health and behavioral issues in the animals bred in those facilities.
However, many consumers are unaware of these issues when
purchasing animals from retail pet stores because of
~
19
20
21
lack of
education on the issue and misleading tactics of retail pet stores in
some cases. These health and behavioral issues, which may not
present themselves until after the purchase of the animal, can impose
exorbitant financial and emotional costs on consumers.
22
23
24
25
@
Current Federal, State and County regulations do not properly address
the sale of puppy and kitten mill dogs and cats in Montgomery County
retail pet stores.
26
27
[i)
F:\LAW\BILLS\1450 Animal Control-Retail Pet Stores\Bill 2.Doc
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BILL
No. 50-14
28
ill
Restricting the retail sale of puppies and kittens to only those that are
sourced from shelters or rescue organizations is likely to decrease the
demand for puppies and kittens bred in puppy and kitten mills, and is
likely to increase demand for animals from animal shelters and rescue
organizations.
29
30
31
32
33
34
ill
Due in large part to pet overpopulation,
~
state task force recently
found that 45,000 dogs and cats are euthanized in Maryland animal
shelters annually, at an estimated cost of
~
to
2
million each year.
Restricting the retail sale of puppies and kittens to only those that are
sourced from animal shelters and rescue organizations will likely
reduce pet overpopulation and thus the burden on such agencies and
financial costs on County taxpayers.
.(g}
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
Across the country, thousands of independent retail pet stores as well
as large chains operate profitably with
~business
model focused on
42
43
44
45
the sale of pet services and supplies and not on the sale of dogs and
cats. Many of these shops collaborate with local animal shelters and
rescue organizations to offer space and support for showcasing
adoptable homeless pets on their premises.
(hl
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
This law will not affect
£!
consumer's ability to obtain
£!
dog or cat of
his or her choice directly
£!
from~
breed-specific rescue organization or
shelter, or from
~
hobby ·breeder where the consumer can see
directly the conditions in which the dogs or cats are bred, or can
confer directly with the hobby breeder concerning those conditions.
ill
The County Council believes it is in the best interests of the County
to
adopt reasonable regulations to reduce costs to the County and its
residents, protect the citizens of the County who may purchase cats or
dogs from
£!
retail pet store or other business establishment, help
53
54
{j)
F:\LAW\BILLS\1450 Animal Control-Retail Pet Stores\Bill 2.Doc
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BILL No. 50-14
55
56
57
58
prevent
inhumane
breeding
conditions,
promote
community
awareness of animal welfare, and foster
f!
more humane environment
in the County.
5-406. Definitions.
59
60
61
In this Article, the following words have the meanings indicated:
Animal care facility
means an animal shelter maintained
Qy,,
or under
contract with, any state, county, or municipality, and whose mission and
practice
~
in whole or significant part, the rescue and placement of animals
in permanent homes.
62
63
64
Cat
means any individual of the species of the domestic cat, felis catus.
Dog
means any individual of the species of the domestic dog, canis lupus
familiaris, or any resultant hybrid.
65
66
67
Non-profit rescue organization
means
f!
non-profit organization that has tax
exempt status under Section 50l(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and
whose mission and practice
~
in whole or in significant part, the rescue and
placement of animals in permanent homes.
68
69
70
71
72
73
Offer for sale
means to display, sell, deliver, offer for sale or adoption,
advertise for the sale
Qi:
barter, auction, give away, or otherwise dispose
of~
dog or cat.
74
Retail pet store
means
~
store that is required to comply with
Title
19,
75
76
Subtitle
1
of the Business Regulation Article of the Maryland Code.
5-407. Retail Sale of Dogs and Cats.
77
78
79
A retail pet store must not offer for sale any dog or cat unless the retail pet
store obtained that dog or cat from:
.ill}
.(hl
an animal care facility; or
~non-profit
80
81
rescue organization.
0
F:\LAW\BILLS\l4SO Animal Control-Retail Pet Stores\Bill 2.Doc
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LEG IS LATIVE REQUEST REPORT
Bill 50-14
Animal Control Retail Pet Stores
DESCRIPTION:
Bill 5-14 would prohibit certain retail pet stores from selling certain
animals bred in certain breeding facilities. Specifically, it would
require any pet store that operates
in
the County's jurisdiction to sell
any dog or cat unless the animal was obtained from an animal care
facility or a non-profit rescue organization.
A significant number of puppies and kittens sold at retail pet stores
throughout the United States come from large-scale, commercial
breeding facilities where the health and welfare of the animals are not
adequately provided for.
Restricting the retail sale of puppies and kittens to only those that are
sourced from shelters or rescue organizations is likely to decrease the
demand for puppies and kittens bred in puppy and kitten mills, and is
likely to increase demand for animals from animal shelters and
rescue organizations.
Department of Police
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be requested.
Several jurisdictions across the country have enacted similar laws.
Amanda Mihill, Legislative Attorney, 240-777-7815
To be researched.
PROBLEM:
GOALS AND
OBJECTIVES:
COORDINATION:
FISCAL IMPACT:
ECONOMIC
IMPACT:
EVALUATION:
EXPERIENCE
ELSEWHERE:
SOURCE OF
INFORMATION:
APPLICATION
WITHIN
MUNICIPALITIES:
PENALTIES:
A violation of this Chapter 5 is a Class B violation.
f:\law\bills\1450 animal control-retail pet stores\lrr.doc
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Montgomery County Council Committee on Public Safety
October 16 , 2014
Melanie Kahn, Senior Director, Puppy Mills Campaign
The Humane Society of the United States
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NY Pet Stores Supplied by
Puppy
Mills:
Humane
Society
By
Knty 1 ur artl..I Tom
Bur~.e
HUMANE SOCIETY: CHICAGO PET STORES
LINKED TO PUPPY MILLS
To Market, To Market, To
Buy
a Sick
Dog
An HSUS Investigation reveals
the
underbelly
of
Texas
puppy
sales
December 11. 2012 (CHICAGO)-Adonn Chkqo .aru
pet
Slor11 •eseUlns puppl11brtd1t puppym1115,acccn:llngtothe
Humane
~ty
olttlt'Unlled St11es.
lrl'IHtlpton
vlstted
12
Chfu&o
artilll
Ptt
stor11
dUrlns a thrtt-<fay
period
In
October
INI
round
they
are
llnktd
to
lrn.m.ne
Cornn'ltt<lll
btteden.
or
puppy
milh. a«ordlng
to the-
Hum.IM
Soc:t.ty.
Empta,ees at
the
s
tores
told
the
und~cwer
lnvestl~tors
th&!
the
animals
Wft"e
not
rrcm
puppy
mills.
tut
dacufnft'lts
showed
otherwtse, 111:tordln,
to
the
Humant
Soc.~ty.
Hovlo..
ttom
have
bten n1td qalmt
the
s~s
In
tonnectlon
with
the'
HSUS
lnvrnd&•tlor\.
It
oftht
""Tent
1.-s
and
lncrNMd
COMUJnef
tell•
Hlk,j
1.W. HSUS. Hid.
i:.·=Kuecenter
or
shetter,
or
find
a
reput4ible
breeder.
Dl$Tli RDl.NC QUESTIONS
ABOUT
~ItGEST
U.S.
PET
RETAtLEtl AR£
durlngasbc-monthpertodtrompuppymlllt.lowe
IWSED
AS
ANDI.AL
P~'PrllET
IN'
'
E.STlCATES;
PET~~D
.Jt
the
•nlmlh
1boc:ome
from
Mlstourl,Okl•horRa.
1+
.1
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tE~~}!
~"~THE
Of
Tiil UNITlD HIHH
HUMANE SOCIETY
~~~I
...._f-.{
THE
or ott ratt• st.a.tu
HUMANE SOClli:TY
.
A
Horrible Hundred
Problem
Puppy
Mills
in
the United States
Almost four'l"ars
•lwr
MISOau~
ween approved a
.
st""'tlOllJtlPPVml
....lnZOlll,the
SUIUlll
101 Puppy
Mills
A Sampling of Problem Puppy Mills in the United States
In recent
yur1
The
Humane
SOdtty
of
tho Unlttd
States
(HSUS) h..
assisted
in
rescui"I almmt
10.000 dop
.
from more than 50 diffafef\t
·
puppy
mllls across
the
counuy. While Th•
HSUS
st1nds ready ta •Hist law
enfortarnent
with
closlnc
down
illtpl PLIPPY mills
whanr1er f•;U1blv, thare
remain en utlm1tad
10,000
darrlnatHa llst
d
101 probltm
puppy
mllsaaoulhe
country.
;z;i
oftht
101
dens an
aur
201• bl
or
problem
puppyml~a"'
mill1 across
the
United
St1tu, and many of them are
lepl.
Althou1h
m<»t
of the
dop
1l
theM
mau·
breadk11
fad!Ua
haYa
no mrJ qu•lily
of
lh,
llllnc continualy
in
srn1ll wire c..., w;th llltl• or
pUppy
fromMIUOlllL
COml ..
In
oecond,
lM!NlhaiU
p<olftmde*'on
tho-.i,
f - d
br
Nebr..U(l2),
Arkansas(6Jand
...
.an\'~
ill
"crpl
Actft
~
lnMlldU.
~wet.
blndwlhteweehe.-lthUUU.
Thk.
no peraof\lll attention,
trnrclte or veteriRillry care,
there are wry
few
laws to
protect thom as
Inn&
as lh"I'
art
belnt pm.idtd
with
food.
water, and shelter.
d.thahundwffirldf""" pat•W,.i•wellc.
~inlnlietn\
ltomdr•CCh•& ,_• IHer
boct/
•btt
the
CDXICle.
\'i'ith
lht a11hl•nt•
of
1hr
llSUS..
Mtttoril..,
ttmoom:f 51
~
cbgl
lrom
Ro,al
Astin
iJt
rebtuary
2Dll. im.tu6'1
thi•ane..
PJcliyDcbby,
whvl• tO'#I•
a 1oad
tmnl:.
But
tuO.N• dtdhted
lo
dD\e ._.,.
the
1JUD011
ril comple1et.,, arm
il
tonWtun
to
~·~nonh. ffhe
USUSlOIJ
tow.(6~
.. -
USO.in-phat ..........i.-111111
.. . , . - . . ••
r...tv-lly'°""'T"""'
... ONa.lnlOll_ ... _ _ _ .......... . _ . _
t•
th~da1.
AdclidDn..
111ab1n1ts
~~nll•t
the
tMM
flCllry
In
201.a.NStJA 20l1.
But
h'undrads of
puppy
mills an•t-ar won't-meet ll'Vltn the rnotl basic minimum standiirds r•qu;red
ti,.
law.
Some
f1dltle•
haw
be
on dl•d n!ptlaledly
by
r..i.,.1or1tet1
deportm•nll
of
ogr;culture for lnj\Jrod ond
•lck
dogs
who
had
not been
treated
ht'
1
knpnr
dop
In lllthy condltiotu, ••bJedin1
animals to tha
freculng
cold or sUfMna
Mat
without
adll!~le
piotec\">n, perrarmln1
ltwnlve
surprles on their own 1nlm1ls \vithout 1
veterinary ltten1e.1nd C?Ven In some cases
shootlna
their unw.1nced
dos1r.
••!.
f-lnthls '"""" ......... dtod ...,_.. or•ut•._ton lor
wlofoUans, lndudlnc:
II
breeder
In
MwolH1
•dmltted
101...orc •
cr.w!y
Mid
neotly
..,,HpOMho•
Pornoronlln
named
"Woc:rM•
llnl'rlrf
for 11111!• days wlthoot uklnc him
101 ..,
llohln...,
StHI•~
Four brteders
who
lntd
pins
hot
as •
mothod of
"""11nall•
on
their
ollldll
vlllltlfllrt p!IM JBarket
In
AR;
Minis
In
CO; Tle!l and Wlll•rm In NE);
Abreed11 In Illinois
who
had IN•
bftelesouthonlZed
rich•
lllan
provldl"l
lllom
with w•rmor
• - a s
,,_.,,_lid....,.._.
""°
"*'eel
MMnm•'•
dnaed
tiv
hts
lnSpectOr
(Molmn
Chttslla,...nl:
This report
Ii•
U1t
of
sorno
of the n•tion's doa bteodinl kennels th•l
•••al
high concern lo
The
HSUS due to
ropeatod
problems \lrith
onim.t hHlth ar onlmol arro. 11
Ii
not• list of
•I
pUPP'I
mills,
nor• 1st
of
1U
probletn1Uc
fadllde. The
"5t
does nOl
inck.de other
prablama~c
puppy mill d•alars, such 11 bro'""•
Ind
pet
stores. unlen
th•
opwralars He also brudln& does.
A btted111n
MISSOUrl
"ho
was
found
with•
dUd, lour-woek-old
slllh
t111 PllPPY
~sold
rn
the
-potll0nof ..
etl(fo1ure"hon""'1ntabl1emperi111r..
hadll!CftltlVlleot'laslowas·9deatHS
(Johnnr Daktl:
llroedon who loft 1lltlr
dop
t>POl<d
to
heat
lndtllH as high as 109 dqrees
ot
blntr
a>ld
lamper>turas
ulow none
•cre<Flhrtnhoft
(HIM•
ln50;
Ptst~
lnNEj;
·
lheHonoblo
Hun-
Ofhe HuinaneSod.tyofthe UnitedSt.les. May 2011
I
COl'fTENlS
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Lanca
t
r, M
ll
to
pet
in Rockville
" rong nd r
amm n1 [ur
"fecal and
urine
accumulation in the
enclosure."
"extreme insect and
rodent problem"
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~Hundreds
of dog
in
a
facility
~
Stacked
cages
in overcrowded facilities
v"Cages
with
only
6"
of space from dog's nose
v"Painful wire floors
v"Breeding on every heat cycle until "spent"
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U.S. Dop•rtmont of Agrfculturw
Olflco of ln•peclor Genor1I
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Animal Care Program
Inspections of Problematic Dealers
Viola'.
¥... . . . . . . .
·
A.Qfiij~ff)iSQ)ia~blOl ~f~~~--·
llP;illli!Wk.•·
Action
• APHIS'
New Penalty
Worksheet
Calculated
Minimal
Penalties
• APHIS Misused Guidelines to Lower
Penalties for AWA Violators
Audll
Report
33002-4-SF
Moy2010
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The Puppy Industry in Missouri
A Study of the Buyers, Sellers, Breeders
and Enforcement of the
Laws
Executive Summary
~
BBB.
Qaft\MU'ITN!.t
"Breeders
and others
In Mis ourl,
with seeming impunity, will continue
to send sick puppies to be purchased
by unwary customers."
Sponaored
by
098 St=mno
!ostem
Missouri• Sout.hem
l•linols
15 Sul'W\en Drive
S\Jite
107•
St. l.oull, MO
63J4J •Phone:
(114) 645·3300 • ,..ww.stlouis
.Dbb.otO
808
ol
Greater KalnsH Citv • 8080 \Yard Plrkway SUite 401
Kin&lt
City,
MO 64114 •Phone
:
(616) <121
•1800
•www.lr:1MHdty.llbb.019
888
of
So...thwest
Missouri •430
South
G1Wt1tone '-'tnue•
5prift911eld, HO 65802 • Phont:: (41
'1)
862-422J
• .,..w.southwestmlslo!Mi.bllb.0'9
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"I
will
be
i
riminat·ne
jn.~--.~~
-~~--~--'"
sales
of my. puppies, and
C(:)n
e
ned
with the
type
of homes in
which
they are placed. My dogs/puppies
will n·o t be sold to dog wholesalers
or retailers.
11
United Kennel Club Code of Ethics
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»-
~
community.
11
Rene Karapedian, owner of
Pet
Rush in Los Angeles, CA:
"/switched over
to what I call the ''humane model"-animal adoption instead of animal
sales... Most of these shelters that I go pick up dogs from, they are putting
down anywhere from 50 to 70 dogs a day. So this is one way to stop that
from happening."
Amy Circionie owner of Feed Bag Pet Store in Cutchogue, NY:
"/have
found that there is no way for me to sell puppies from my retail
establishment that does not contribute to the suffering of both the
parent dogs and the puppies bred from them. Reputable breeders with
high standards of care do not sell their puppies to ANY pet stores for
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Bernalillo County, NM Animal Shelter Survey
Data collected
b~
Animal Protection of New Mexico
11UW1J·
Wiil Intake Euthanasia 2011 Euthanasia
2011
Percentage 2011
8,317
35%
30,000
14,000
47%
5,244
1,050
20%
551
10%
Combined
35,244
15,050
43%
8,868
31%
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Impact of Resale on
Puppy Health
• Consumer demand for tiny puppies
results
in
premature separaUon from their mothers (5-
6 weeks vs. recommended weaning at 8-12
weeks). Puppies need to be with their
mother and littermates for normal
socialization.
• The puppies are then sold to brokers for
resale to pet stores all over the country.
• The puppies may be crammed into small
cages for long distance travel and
may
not
receive adequate food, water or ventilation.
·
• They may be exposed to disease from a sick
puppy during transport. Some may die.
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Puppy Immune System
• Puppies receive protective maternal
antibodies from their mother's milk within 24
hours after birth.
• These antibodies wane anywhere between
6-16 week of age.
• As maternal Abs wane, puppies need to be
vaccinated multiple times to actively
stimulate their own system against disease.
• If they do not receive a full series of
vaccinations, they may succumb to disease.
@
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Impact of Resale on
Puppy Health
• Early separation, exposure to potentially
hazardous shipping conditions and the
stress of transport weaken their immune
systems making them more susceptible to
disease.
• Puppies maybe given antibiotics to cover
signs of infection and once in a new home
may manifest health problems.
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How Puppy Buyers are
Affected
• If the puppy becomes sick, the buyer will
have to incur potentially high veterinary
costs to treat the illness.
• Puppy buyers are rarely compensated by
consumer protection "lemon laws."
• Surviving pups may have lifelong medical or
behavioral issues.
• Other pets or people in the household may
become sick if the disease is contagious.
• This all has a heavy emotional toll on the
puppy owners.
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ROCKVILLE, MARYIAND
MEMORANDUM
December 2, 2014
TO:
George Leventhal, President, County Council
Jennifer A.
Office
Joseph F. Beach,
~tor,
Departm
FEIS for Council Bill 50-14, Animal Control - Retail Pet
Stores
FROM:
SUBJECT:
Hughe~or,
Please find attached the fiscal and economic impact statements for the above-
referenced legislation.
JAH:fz
cc: Bonnie Kirkland, Assistant Chief Administrative Officer
Lisa Austiti, Offices of
the
County Executive
Joy Nurmi, Special Assistant to the County Executive
Patrick Lacefield, Director, Public Information Otlice
Joseph F. Beach, Director, Department of Finance
David Platt, Department of Finance
Chief Thomas Manger,
Montgomery
County Police
Department
Paul Hibler, Montgomery County Police Department
Bruce Meier, Office of Management and Budget
Felicia Zhang, Office of Management and Budget
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Fiscal Impact Statement
Council Bill
50-14-Animal
Control-Retail Pet Stores
1.
Legislation Summary
Bill 50-14 would prohibit the sale of dogs and cats in retail pet stores unless they were ·
obtained from an animal care facility or a non-profit rescue organization.
2. An estimate of changes in County revenues and expenditures regardless of whether the
revenues or expenditures are assumed in the recommended or approved budget. Includes
source of information, assumptions. and methodologies used.
No impact on
revenues
or expenditures. Pet shops are currently inspected and licensed
annually, including some random inspections. None of the nine pet shops in the County
currently sell dogs or cats.
3. Revenue and expenditure estimates covering at least the next 6 fiscal years.
No impact on revenues or expenditures.
4. An actuarial analysis through the entire amortization period for legislation that would
affect retiree pension or group insurance costs.
Not Applicable
5. Later actions that may affect future
reve.nue
and expenditures if
U1e
legislation authorizes
future
spending.
Not
Applicable.
6. An
estimate
of
the staff time needed to implement the legislation.
A
few
minutes per store during current inspections
if
any stores begin selling dogs and/or
cats.
7. An explanation
of
how the addition of new staff responsibilities would affect other duties.
None.
8. An estimate of
costs when an additional appropriation is needed.
Not Applicable
9. A description of any variable that could affect revenue and cost estimates.
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Not Applicable
l 0. Ranges of revenue or expenditures
that
are uncertain or difficult to project.
Not Applicable
11.
If
legislation is likely to have no fiscal impact,
why
that is the case.
The legislation will have almost no impact on current operations beyond the addition of a
few minutes to the current inspections
if
any
stores begin selling dogs andior cats.
12. Other fiscal impacts or
comments.
None
13. The following
contributed to and concurred with this analysis.
Paul Hibler, Deputy Director, .Montgomery County Police Department
A.nimal
Services
Division
Bruce Meier, OMB
(Jenni£
kHugh~
O~Management
and Budget
. . ..
Date
t>
l
'2f!dJ'-
. - . . . -·-·-·
~
..I
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Economic Impact Statement
Bill 50-14, Animal Control - Retail Pet Stores
Background:
Bill 50-14 would prohibit any pet store that operates in the County's jurisdiction
to
sell
any dog or cat unless that animal was obtained from an animal care facility or a non-
profit rescue organi7..ation.
The legislation states that '"according to The Humane Society of the United States, it is
estimated that l 0,000 puppy mills produce more than 2,400,000 puppies per year and that
most dogs and
cat~
sold in retail pet stores come from puppy and kitten mills." Bill 50-14
also states that "a state task force recently found that 45,000 dogs and cats are euthanized
in Maryland
animal
shelters annually at an estimated cost of $8
to
$9 million each year."
The legislation also states that the law
"will
not affect a conswner's ability to obtain a
dog or cat ofhls or her choice directly from a breed-specific rescue organi7..ation or a
shelter,
or
from
a
hobby breeder.''
According to The Humane Society report dated October 14, 2013, nine out of 12 pet
stores in Maryland that sell puppies were not complying with the Maryland law (Md.
Code, Bus. Reg.
§
§
19·701 to 707) to protect dogs and consumers.
l.
The
sources of information, assumptions, and methodologies
used.
Source of infonnation on the number of "puppy mills" operating in the County and
the number of pet stores is from the Animal Services Division, Montgomery County
Police Department (MCPD).
2. A
description
of
any variable that could affect
the
economic impact estimates.
The variables that could affect the economic impact estimates are the number of
puppy mills operating in the County, the number of pet stores in the County that
obtain animals from such facilities, and the cost differential over the life of the pet
between when one is purchased from a puppy mill and when purchased from an
animal rescue organization. Since MCPD reports that there are no
puppy
mills
operating under Montgomery County Government's jurisdiction and no pet stores that
sell puppies from a puppy mill, this legislation has no economic impact.
3. The
Bill's positive
or
negative
effect,
if
any
on employment, spending, saving,
investment, incomes, and property values in the County.
Bill 50-14 has no economic impact.
4.
If
a BiU is likely to have no economic impact, why
is
that the case?
See paragraph
#
3.
Pagel of2
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Economic Impact Statement
Bill 50-14, Animal
Control-Retail
Pet Stores
5.
The following contributed
to
or concurred with this analysis: David Platt
and
Rob
Hagedoom, Finance; and Paul Hibler, Police Department
F:Beacll:
Director
Department
of Finance
Date
Page 2 of2