Agenda Item
14B
September 12, 2017
Public Hearing 2
MEMORA NDUM
September 8, 2017
TO:
FROM:
SUBJECT:
County Counci:4J-
Jeffry L. Zyontz, -s'enior Legislative Analyst
Public Hearing 2:
Bill 2-16, Transient Housing - Licensing and Registration
Bill 2-16, Transient Housing - Licensing and Registration, sponsored by Lead Sponsor
Councilmemb er Riemer and Co-Sponsor Councilmemb er Rice, was introduced on February 2,
2016. A public hearing was held on March 8, 2016 on the bill that was introduced. A Planning,
Housing and Economic Development Committee worksession is tentatively scheduled for
September 18 at 2:00 p.m.
Bill 2-16 would revise Chapter 54 of the County Code. The revisions would update the
provisions for hotels, delete forms of transient housing no longer allowed by the Zoning Code
(Chapter 59), establish a less burdensome method of licensing for Bed and Breakfast
establishments and assign responsibilities for licensing between Executive departments.
This Bill anticipates the approval of ZTA 16-03 which will make a Bed and Breakfast a
limited use in most residential and mixed-use zones, however, the enactment ofBill 2-16 does not
require the approval of ZTA 16-03. The only transient housing allowed by the Zoning Ordinance
(Chapter 59 of the code) are hotels and bed and breakfast establishments. ZTA 16-03 would not
change that fact. Those establishments are addressed in Bill 2-16.
Currently, the licensing requirements for a Bed and Breakfast are currently the same as the
licensing requirements for a hotel. Even though the level of rental activity at a hotel is significantly
higher than at a Bed and Breakfast, the County's regulatory burdens are currently identical. An
annual license is required for every establishment, with annual inspections. The Department of
Health and Human Services has not received any applications for any Bed and Breakfast under
current law. No licenses are outstanding.
As introduced, Bill 2-16 would simplify existing requirements for hotels in more precise,
concise and decisive text. Licenses for a Bed and Breakfast would be by self-certification but
subject to revocation based on substantiated complaints.
This packet contains:
Bill 2-16
Legislative Request Report
Fiscal and Economic Impact Statement
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Bill No. ---=2-__,1-=-6_ _ _ _ __
Concerning: Transient
Housing
Licensing and registration
Revised: 6/6/17 Draft No. 6_ __
Introduced:
February 2, 2016
Expires:
August 2, 2017
Enacted: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Executive: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Effective: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Sunset Date: ~N~on-'e_ _ _ _ _ __
Ch. _ _ , Laws of Mont. Co. _ __
COUNTY COUNCIL
FOR MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND
Lead Sponsor: Councilmember Riemer
Co-Sponsor: Councilmember Rice
AN ACT
to:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
By amending
Montgomery County Code
Chapter 54, Transient Lodging Facilities
Sections 54-1, 54-2, 54-3, 54-4, 54-5, 54-6, 54-7, 54-8, 54-9, 54-10, 54-11, 54-12, 54-13, 54-
14, 54-15, 54-16, 54-17, 54-18, 54-19, 54-20, 54-21, 54-22, 54-23, 54-24, 54-25, 54-26, 54-
27, 54-28, 54-29, 54-30, 54-31, 54-32, 54-33, 54-34, 54-35, 54-36, 54-37, 54-38, 54-39, 54-
40, and 54-41
By adding:
Montgomery County Code
Chapter 54, Transient Lodging Facilities
Sections 54-22A, 54-42, 54-43, 54-44, 54-45, 54-46, 54-47, 54-48, and 54-49
Boldface
Underlining
[Single boldface brackets]
define a bed and breakfast and hotel establishment;
limit the transient housing allowed to a bed and breakfast and a hotel;
require only hotels to comply with most current licensing provisions for transient
housing;
revise the requirement for resident hotel management;
delete the requirement for annual hotel inspections;
add a requirement for hotel inspections upon complaint;
establish a licensing system for bed and breakfast establishments;
amend provisions to make them more precise, concise, and decisive; and
generally amend Chapter 54 of the County Code.
Double underlining
[[Double boldface brackets]]
* * *
Heading or defined term.
Added to existing law by original bill.
Deleted.from existing law by original bill.
Added by amendment.
Deletedfrom existing law or the bill by amendment.
Existing law unaffected by bill.
The County Council for Montgomery County, Maryland approves the following Act:
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BILL
No.
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Sec.1. Sections 54-1, 54-2, 54-3, 54-4, 54-5, 54-6, 54-7, 54-8, 54-9, 54-10, 54-
11, 54-12, 54-13, 54-14, 54-15, 54-16, 54-17, 54-18, 54-19, 54-20, 54-21, 54-22, 54-
23, 54-24, 54-25, 54-26, 54-27, 54-28, 54-29, 54-30, 54-31, 54-32, 54-33, 54-34, 54-
35, 54-36, 54-37, 54-38, 54-39, 54-40, and 54-41 are amended as follows:
54-1. Definitions .
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For the purposes of this Chapter, unless the language or context clearly
indicates that a different meaning is intended, the following words and phrases
have the following meanings:
Average lot grade
means the arithmetic average of the highest and lowest
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elevations of the ground contiguous to the building.
Basement
[:That]
means that portion of any building [which is] located below
grade [;provided, however, that] when at least one-half of the vertical height
extends above the average lot grade. [Average lot grade, for this purpose, shall
mean the arithmetic average of the highest and lowest elevations of the ground
contiguous to the house.]
[Boardinghouse:
A dwelling in which, for compensation, lodging, or lodging
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and meals, are provided or offered to not more than 5 transient visitors.]
Bed and Breakfast
means~ [dwelling unit or part of~ dwelling that is available
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to overnight guests for compensation. Overnight guests on any night must
satisfy the definition of one household. A guest must stay at
~
Bed and
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Breakfast for no more than 30 days in any one visit. Meals may be provided
to overnight guests. Bed and Breakfast means ~] detached house that is
owner-occupied with no more than 5 guest rooms for rent and customarily
serves breakfasts to guests and allowed under Section 59-3.5.6.B of this Code.
Cellar
[:That] means that portion of any building which is located below grade
and whose vertical height extends less than one-half above the average lot
grade.
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A
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No. 2-16
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Director [and Department:
The term "Director"] means the Director of the
Department of Health and Human Services, or the Director's designee[, and
the term "Department" means the Department of Health and Human Services].
Department
means the Department of Health and Human Services.
Establishment
[:Every hostel, tourist home, boardinghouse, rooming house
and guestrooms in an apartment hotel which, for compensation, provides or
offers lodging or lodging and meals to transient visitors.] means£ hotel or Bed
and Breakfast or Short-term Residential Rental regulated under this chapter.
Fire Code
[:The] means the Fire Prevention Code [set forth] in Chapter 22 [of
this Code, and any amendments thereto] as amended.
Habitable room
[:Any] means£ room in which people normally congregate
or sleep with £ minimum ceiling height of
1
feet. [This shall not include
bathrooms,] Bathrooms, closets, porches, decks, toilet rooms, storage rooms,
kitchens.,_ [or] and pantries are not habitable rooms.
[Hostel] Hotel
[:Any] means £ building or portion [thereof or any group of
buildings] of £ building where, for compensation, lodging or lodging and
meals are provided or offered to 3 or more transient visitors [, including hotels,
motels, tourist courts, motor courts, tourist camps and similar establishments
such as apartment hotels]. Hotel includes£ motel, but not£ bed and breakfast.
Household
means~ person living alone, or any one of the following groups
living together as
fl:
single housekeeping unit and sharing common living,
sleeping, cooking, and eating facilities:
1.
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any number of people related
.hy
blood, marriage, adoption, or
guardianship;
1fil
to
~
unrelated people; or
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3.
2:
unrelated people and any children, parents, siblings, or other
persons related to either of them by blood, adoption, or
guardianship.
[Liquid wastes:
Human excreta, bath water, wash water, laundry wastes,
dishwater and any other liquid wastes resulting from cleaning operations.
Gasoline and explosive or inflammable liquids are not included.]
Lodging
[:The] means the short-term overnight accommodation of~ paying
guest.
Plumbing Code
[:The] means the Plumbing Code [in effect within the
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jurisdiction of] adopted
b.y
the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission,
[
and
any other jurisdictions in the County having or subsequently adopting a
Plumbing Code, and any changes or revisions thereof] as amended.
[Rooming house:
In a residential zone, shall mean a dwelling in which, for
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compensation, lodging is provided or offered to 3 or more but not exceeding
9 guests.]
Short-Term Residential Rental
means the residential occupancy of a dwelling
unit for a fee for less than 30 consecutive days as allowed under Section 59-
3.3.3.I of this Code.
Solid wastes
[:]
means garbage, trash, sweepings, animal refuse and dead
animals.
[Tourist home:
A dwelling in which, for compensation, lodging or lodging
and meals are provided or offered to not more than 12 transient visitors.]
Transient visitor
[:A] means~ person who [obtains] purchases lodging.,_ [or
lodging and] with or without meals, [upon payment or promise of payment
therefor at the same premises] for a continuous period of [not more than] 6
months or less.
54-2. Authority of [county executive] Executive to regulate and license.
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The [county executive] Executive I,in order to implement the health standards
and regulations of this chapter, is hereby authorized by law to] may adopt
[such] regulations, under method (3) [of section 2A-15 of this Code],
concerning the operation, maintenance [and]~ conduct~ licensing, and license
fees for [of]~ [any of the types of establishments] hotel or bed and breakfast
[referred to in this chapter, including provision of such licenses and license
fees for such establishments as he may deem appropriate].
54-3. Guest register - Required [to be kept by hotels, tourist homes, etc.;
information to be shown].
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Any person who owns or operates a hotel, [rooming house, tourist home,
motel, or tourist cabin park] in the County must maintain on the premises a
permanent register [in which must be inscribed in ink in legible writing]
containing:
(a) the name of each visitor;
(b) the residence address of each visitor, including state, city or town, street
and street number or rural mail delivery route number;
(
c)
(
d)
the number of the room or facility occupied by each visitor; and
the date and time of registration and checkout of each visitor.
[In tourist homes, motels, and tourist cabin parks the] The register must
include a record of the license plate numbers and state of registration of any
automobiles or trailers [in or with which the guests are traveling] that guests
are using. The owner or operator of the establishment must see that the license
plate and automobile or trailer registration information is correct. A person
must not occupy any room [or facility] until [after] the registration required
under this section is provided. The permanent register may be in a bound
book, looseleafbook, or cards.
If
a looseleafbook or cards are used, the pages
or cards must be numbered consecutively before use and all numbered pages
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or cards must be kept even though they are not used. The register [provided
for] required by this section must be kept for at least 3 years and must be open
to inspection upon the request of the Director or of any law enforcement
officer of the county or the state.
54-4. Same-G iving or permitting false information to be given prohibited.
[It
shall be unlawful for any] A person must not knowingly [to inscribe] write
any false or incorrect name or address or license plate number in any such
register.
[It
shall be unlawful for the] The owner, [or] manager.1 or employee
of [any type of establishment or any employee thereof]
f!
hotel must not [to]
knowingly [to] permit any person to [inscribe] write any false name or address
or license plate number in any such register.
Article
II. [Hostels, Rooming Houses, Boardinghouses and Tourist Homes]
Hotels.
54-5. Number ing of rooms.
Every [establishment shall] hotel must have a unique number on the corridor
side of the door to each guest room [and no two (2) doors shall bear the same
number].
54-6. Limitation on admission of visitors.
[No establishment shall] A hotel must not admit more visitors than the number
for which it is licensed.
54-7. Inspection of register by county officials.
Registers kept [in accordance with] under section 54-3 [shall] must always be
available at the [establishment] hotel for inspection by the [director] Director,
the fire marshal, the [county] police chief and [such other officials as may be
designated by the above named officials] their designees. The licensee may
request the official to present [Presentation of] proper credentials or proof of
identity [may be requested by the licensee].
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54-8. Owner, operator or manager to reside on premises.
The owner, operator, or a responsible manager appointed by the owner or
operator [shall reside on the premises of] must be on-site at all times at each
[establishment] hotel.
54-9. Parking facilities.
Every [establishment shall] hotel must provide off-street automobile parking
for visitors as [is set forth in the zoning ordinance] required by chapter 59 of
[the Montgomery County] this Code, as amended. [No license shall be issued
by the director unless he finds the required parking facilities have been
provided.]
54-10. Administration and enforcement of article generally.
The [director is hereby authorized and directed to] Director must administer
and enforce [the provisions of] this chapter with the assistance of other County
departments, as necessary. [All department heads in the county government
are hereby authorized and directed to provide such assistance as may be
required by the director for the purpose of enforcing this article.]
54-11. Right of entry of county officials.
[For the purpose of enforcing this article, the director] The Director, the fire
marshal, the [county] police chief and [such other officials as may be
designated by the above named county officials shall] their designee, upon
exhibiting the proper credentials or proof of identity, [have the right to] may
enter any [establishment for the purpose of making] hotel to make any
necessary inspection [they may deem necessary at any time] during business
or operating hours[, and at such]. Inspections may also occur at other times
[as] if the county officials find [may be necessary in the public interest]
necessary to protect the health and safety of any person.
54-12. Responsibility for compliance with article.
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The owner or operator of [an establishment]£ hotel, and [his] the hotel's agent
or manager, [shall be] are responsible for [conforming to the provisions of]
complying with this article.
54-13. Violation of article; penalties [and injunctive, etc., relief].
[Any person who violates] A violation of any provision of this article [shall
be] is [subject to punishment for] a class A violation [as set forth in section 1-
19 of chapter 1 of the County Code]. [Each day such violation shall continue
shall be deemed a separate offense.]
54-14. License required [Required].
[No] Any building [or premises shall be] occupied or used as a [hostel,
rooming house, boardinghouse or tourist home] hotel within the county
[unless a license shall have been issued] must be licensed for such occupancy
and use by the [director, nor shall any] Director. An operator of£ [such
building or premises be so occupied and used] hotel must cease operating
immediately after [such] the license has expired, or has been revoked or
suspended.
54-15. Application.
Before the Director issues an annual license for any [establishment shall be
issued by the director] hotel under this [division, an application shall be filed
by] Division, the owner or operator, or [his duly] their authorized agent, [in
accordance with] must file an application that satisfies the regulations
[prescribed] approved by the [county executive] Executive under method (3)
of section 2A-15 of this Code.
54-16. Compliance with Code, [etc., prior to] before issuance.
[No license shall be issued to] The Director must not issue~ license to any
[establishment] hotel [to] under this [division] Division unless [such] the
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proposed [establishment is in conformance] hotel conforms with the
applicable provisions of this Code [and other ordinances of the county].
54-17. Certificates to be filed [prior to] before issuance.
The Director must not issue an initial [annual] license or license renewal under
this Division unless the applicant files [the following certificates have been
filed] with the Department
E!
certificate:
(a)
[A certificate] of use and occupancy from the Department of Permitting
Services[.];
(b)
[A certificate] from the fire marshal stating that the building [is in
compliance with] complies with the fire prevention code[.]; and
(c)
[A certificate] from the Director stating that the building or buildings
and rooms to be occupied or used by the guests of the [establishment]
hotel, and the premises on which such buildings are located, [are in
compliance with] comply with the standards and regulations of the
County and State Boards of Health.
54-18. Separate license required for each establishment.
[Each individual establishment] The Director must reqmre each hotel,
[although] operated by the same management, [shall be required] to obtain a
separate license under this [division] Division.
54-19. Fees.
The Executive must establish annual fees for licenses under this [division shall
be of such amount as may be established by the county executive] Division
by [written] regulation adopted under method (3) of section 2A-15 of this
Code:. [and shall] Fees must not exceed an amount necessary to defray the
costs of administering this [chapter] Chapter.
54-20. Denial where operator has been convicted of certain state law violations.
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The Director may deny an initial [or annual] license or license renewal to
operate [an establishment] a hotel under this Division if the Director finds the
owner or operator of the proposed [establishment has been] hotel was
convicted of violating the following provisions of the Criminal Law Article
of the Maryland Code:
(a) Section 10-202 (keeping disorderly house);
(b)Title 12 (gaming);
(
c) Title
5 (controlled dangerous substances, prescriptions, and other
substances); or
(d) Section 10-201 (disturbing the public peace and disorderly conduct).
The Director may deny an initial [or annual license] or license renewal
if the owner or operator [has been] was convicted of any similar offense
outside Maryland.
54-21. Procedure for issuance or denial.
(a) [Upon receipt of] When an application for [an annual]
~
license under
this [division] Division, or [for renewal of a] when~ previously issued
license is in the renewal process, the [director shall make or cause to be
made] Director or the Director's designee must conduct all investigations
and inspections required by this article. The [director shall act upon]
Director must approve or deny the application within [ninety (90)] 90
days after the date of filing, or as soon thereafter as practicable. [In cases
in which an application] Applications for renewal of [an annual]
~
license [has been] filed on or before October 1 [as provided in section]
under Section 54-25 and [has] that have not been [neither] approved or
[disapproved] denied by the [director prior to] Director before the
following January 1, [the current license shall remain] remain in [full
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(
c)
force and] effect until approved or denied
QY
the Director [[the]]
application [has been acted upon by the director].
(b) If, [upon the completion of] after all investigations and inspections are
completed, the [director] Director finds that the [establishment] hotel
for which a license under this [division] Division is requested does not
[comply with the provisions] satisfy the requirements of this chapter, [he
shall] the Director must, within [ten (10)] 10 days after making such a
finding, [cause to be served upon the applicant written] transmit notice
of such finding to the applicant [and shall in suchL. The notice must
advise the applicant of the necessary corrective measures to be taken
before [a license will be issued] the Director will issue the license. The
[
director]
Director may [, in such notice,] direct the applicant to appear
[before him] within [ten (10)) 10 days from the date of service of the
notice to show cause why the license should not be denied.
If
the
applicant [shall fail] fails to show cause as directed in such notice, or
[shall fail] fails to take the necessary corrective action [specified
therein], the [director shall refuse to issue or renew such license] Director
may deny the application.
[All] The Director must send all of the Director's orders and notices
[issued by the director hereunder shall be served upon] to the applicant
either by registered mail or by personal delivery at the address shown on
the application.
If
the applicant cannot be found in the [county] County,
service by personal delivery [shall] must be made [upon] to the person
who is [at the time] in charge of the [establishment] hotel.
54-22. Display.
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[Each] The applicant must prominently display each license issued under this
[division shall be prominently displayed] Division in the [establishment] hotel
for which it was issued.
54-22A. Complaints
.(fil
The Director must investigate any [[complaints]] complaint that~ licensee
is in violation of this Article within 30 days of receiving the
complaint[[/s./s]L.
(hllf
~
violation is found, the Director must issue written notice of the
violation to the owner or operator requiring that the violation be corrected
immediately.
.(0
If the violation is not corrected immediately, the Director may revoke or
suspend the license under Section 54-26.
54-23. Change of location of establishment; transfer.
(a) Whenever [an establishment]
~
hotel changes its location, the current
license held by such owner or operator under this [division shall
automatically become] Division is void.
(b) The [director] Director may[, in his discretion,] authorize the transfer of
a license issued under this [division] Division to a new owner or operator
upon an application for transfer of the license and payment of a transfer
fee [which shall be established by the county executiveL. The Executive
must establish the transfer fee by [written] regulation adopted under
method (3) of section 2A-15 of this Code.
54-24. Expiration.
All [annual] licenses issued under this [division shall] Division expire on
December 31 of the year for which they are issued, unless sooner revoked or
suspended [as provided in] under this [article] Article.
54-25. Renewal.
~
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[Every establishment shall, on] On or before July 1 of each year, every hotel
must make application to the department for renewal of the [annual] license
required by this [division] Division. Before [an annual]
~
license for any
[
establishment shall be] hotel is renewed by the [director, the director shall
have received] Director, the Director must receive, [within ninety (90) days
prior to renewing any such license,] certificates as [prescribed in section]
required
12y
Section 54-17 [, which shall indicate thereon that the premises
have been inspected within ninety (90) days prior to the expiration of the
license]. The Director must renew the license after receiving the certificates,
completing any outstanding complaint investigations, and finding that the
application satisfies this Article.
54-26. Revocation or suspension generally.
(a)
The [director] Director may revoke or suspend any license issued under
this [division upon finding] Division if the Director finds that the owner
or operator of any [establishment] hotel is in violation of any provision
of this [article] Article. Any such revocation or suspension [shall] must
be by written order directed to [and served upon] the owner or operator
of [[such establishment]] [in the manner prescribed in subsection (c) of
section
54-21]
the hotel under the procedures of subsection 54-2l(c).
Any such notice of revocation or suspension [shall] must require the
holder of the license to appear before the [director] Director and show
cause why the license should not be revoked or suspended [in the
manner provided above].
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
(b)
The Director may revoke or suspend any license issued under this
Division if the Director finds that the [establishment] hotel is disruptive
to the general peaceful enjoyment, dangerous to the health and safety,
of the community or a nuisance because of noise or indecent or immoral
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BILL
No. 2-16
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
activity by any guest, owner, operator or employee. The Director may
also revoke or suspend any license issued under this Chapter if the
owner or operator of the [establishment] hotel has, while operating the
[[establishment]] hotel, been convicted of violating:
(
1) the provisions of the Criminal Law Article of the Maryland Code
[listed] in section 54-20; or
(2) the drunkenness and disorderly conduct provisions of Section 10-
201 of the Criminal Law Article of the Maryland Code while on
the licensed premises.
Revocation or suspension of a license under this subsection must follow
the procedures in Section 54-2l(b).
54-27. Appeals from denial, revocation or suspension.
Any person aggrieved by the denial, revocation or suspension of a license
under this [division] Division may appeal from the action of the [director]
Director to the [county board of appeals] Board of Appeals. Such person
[shall] must file a [written] notice of appeal with the clerk of the [board of
appeals] Board of Appeals within [twenty (20)] 20 days after service of notice
of such action. Upon receiving such appeal, the [board of appeals shall] Board
of Appeals must hold a hearing [thereon] within [thirty (30)] 30 days after the
notice of appeal has been filed, and [shall] must act upon [such] the appeal
within [thirty (30)] 30 days after the hearing. [The council may, by resolution
entered on its minutes, extend such periods of time.]
Division 3. Health Standards and Regulations.
54-28. Water and sewer facilities.
Water and sewer facilities in every [establishment] hotel must be connected
to public lines where such lines are available. [In the event no] When public
sewer lines are not available,. the [sewage must be collected, treated and
Q
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BILL
No. 2-16
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
disposed of in an independent sewerage system which complies with the
standards of the excreta disposal laws of the State and of] private sewage
system must satisfy Chapter 45 of this Code. [In the event no] When public
water lines are not available, [no] only£!: water supply [may be used by an
establishment unless it has been] approved by the Director [of the Department
of Health and Human Services] may be used.
54-29. Plumbing facilities.
[All plumbing facilities in establishments shall be constructed, installed and
maintained so as to prevent sanitary hazards.] Toilet and bath facilities [shall
be provided in accordance with] must satisfy the plumbing code for the
Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission [and any amendments thereto]
as amended.
54-30. Disposal of solid waste.
All solid waste [at establishments shall] must be stored in covered metal
receptacles [which shall be]:. These receptacles must be removed from the
premises and cleaned at least once a week or as often as [prescribed by the
director] the Director requires. All such waste [shall be burned, buried or
otherwise] must be disposed of in [such] £!: manner [as] that does not [to]
constitute a nuisance [or to be accessible to animals or flies].
54-31. [Screens.] Insects.
[All outside doors, windows and other outside openings in establishments
shall be adequately screened against flies, mosquitoes and other insects. If the
establishment is completely air-conditioned, screening shall not be required.]
All interior spaces must be maintained free of all insects. Any infestation
must be immediately addressed
Qy
management.
54-32. Minimum size of rooms.
(a) [No] Any habitable room [shall be occupied at] in
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BILL
No. 2-16
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
[an establishment unless it contains]
fl:
hotel must be at least [seventy
(70)] 70 square feet in floor area and there must be at least [fifty (50)] 50
square feet of floor area for each person. Children under [twelve (12)] 12
years of age [shall be] are counted as one-half person. Children under
[one (1)]
l
year of age [shall not be] are not counted as~ person for the
purpose of this requirement.
(b) At least one-half of the floor area of every habitable room [shall] must
have a ceiling height of at least [seven (7)]
1
feet,
and the floor area of
that part of any room where the ceiling height is less than [five (5)]
2.
feet
[shall] is not [be] considered as part of the floor area in computing the
total floor area of the room for the purpose of determining the maximum
permissible occupancy [thereof] of the room.
54-33. Heating and ventilation.
All rooms in [establishments shall] hotels must be adequately heated and
ventilated. Every habitable room [shall] must have at least one [(1)] easily
opened window or skylight [which can easily be opened], or such other device
[as will] that adequately [ventilate] ventilates the room. Every [establishment
shall] hotel must have
fl:
heating [facilities which are! system. The heating
system must be properly installed and maintained in safe and good working
condition [. Such heating facilities shall_be] capable of safely and adequately
heating all habitable rooms, bathrooms and water closet compartments to a
temperature of at least [seventy (70)] 70 degrees Fahrenheit at a distance of
[three (3)]
J
feet above floor level under ordinary minimum winter conditions.
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
54-34. Lighting.
All rooms in [establishments shall] hotels must be adequately lighted [by
either natural or artificial light and additional] including light [shall be
provided] for reading [purposes].
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BILL
NO.
2-16
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
54-35. Basement rooms.
[No habitable room shall be located in the basement of an establishment unless
the] Only when basement floors and walls are constructed of material
impervious to water.,_ may
~
habitable room be located in
~
basement.
54-36. Cellar rooms.
A room in a cellar [shall not be considered] is not~ habitable room [and shall
not be used by any establishment for habitation].
54-37. Bedding and linen.
(a) All mattresses, blankets and other bedding used at [establishments shall]
hotels must be kept clean and free of bedbugs.
(b) Clean sheets and pillow slips [shall] must be provided in
[establishments] hotels at least once each week and after each
succeeding guest.
[(c) Two (2) clean towels shall be provided for each establishment guest at
least twice each week and after each succeeding guest.]
54-38. [Drinking glasses.] Reserved.
[Drinking glasses used in any establishment shall be sterilized at least after
each succeeding guest and common drinking glasses shall be prohibited.]
54-39. Food, dining rooms and kitchens.
Food, public dining rooms and kitchens in each [establishment shall comply
with the provisions of chapter] hotel must satisfy Chapter
_li
of this Code [and
any amendments thereto] as amended.
54-40. Maintenance of premises.
Every owner or operator of [an establishment shall be]
~
hotel is responsible
for maintaining all parts of the [[establishment]] hotel, in a clean and sanitary
condition [all parts of the establishment], including the land on which the
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BILL
No. 2-16
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
43 7
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
[establishment] hotel is located. Every owner or operator [shall be] 1s
responsible for maintaining the [establishment] hotel in good repair.
54-41. Inspections and report of violations of article.
The Departm ent [of Health and Human Services] is responsible for making
all necessary inspections [of the establishments] regulated under this Article
and must report to the Director any violations of this Division.
Article
III.
[Reserved] Bed and Breakfast and Short Term Residential Rental.
54-42. License required.
A person must not operate
fl:
bed and breakfast or short term residential rental
in the County without
fl:
license issued
12y
the Director. After the initial
issuance of
fl:
license, the license must be renewed once
fl:
year.
54-43. Certification for! License.
An application for
fl:
bed and breakfast license or short term residential rental
or
£!
license renewal for either use must be signed
12y
the applicant. The
applicant must certify that:
U!}
the building in which the bed and breakfast or short term residential
rental is located complies with all applicable zoning standards under
Chapter 59 of this Code;
.(Q}
[[the overnight occupants of each dwelling unit will satisfy the definition
of one household]] the total number of overnight guests in the short term
residential rental who are 18 years or older is limited to six, and the total
number of overnight guests over 18 years of age per bedroom is limited to
two.
(
c) only habitable rooms will be used
12y
guests
~
@
smoke detectors in all units and carbon dioxide detectors in all units
using natural gas operate as designed;
W
sanitation facilities operate as designed;
f1R)
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BILL No.
2-16
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
4 72
4 73
474
475
476
477
478
ill
.(g}
the applicant has not been found guilty of
fl:
violation of this Chapter in
the past 12 months;
all local taxes and required fees are paid in full;
the dwelling unit where the bed and breakfast or short term residential
rental is located is the primary residence of the applicant; [[and]]
(hl
ill
(j)
the applicant is the owner or authorized agent of the facility;
the applicant posted rules and regulations inside the rental, including
contact information for a representative designated for emergency
purposes:
(k)
the designated representative resides within
15
miles of the unit and be
accessible for the entirety of any contract where the primary resident is
not present;
(1)
a record of all overnight visitors will be maintained and readily available
for inspection;
{m) abutting and confronting neighbors, and where applicable, the
municipality in which the residence is located, was notified of the
application.
In
an apartment or condominium building, neighbors living
across the hall and those that share a ceiling, floor, and walls with the
applicant's unit were notified of the application;
UJJ
the application is permitted by any Home Owner's Association or
condominium document, or a rental lease: and
(ru
except for persons visiting the primary resident, only registered guests will
be allowed on the property.
54-44. Applications.
The Director must establish an electronic method of submitting, 1ssumg,
renewing, denying, and revoking an application for
internet.
f1Qj
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§:
license through the
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BILL
No. 2-16
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
54-45. License Approval and Renewal.
The Director must:
W
.(hl
accept the self-certification of the applicant after verifying compliance
hy reviewing available records; and
approve or deny~ license or
~
license renewal within
U
working days
after receipt of the application and all required fees unless the Director
receives
~
challenge to the certifications under Section 54-4 7.
(c)
Each license must be issued for a term of one year. renewable for
additional one-year terms, subject to payment of the license fee and
compliance with all applicable laws.
54-46. Challenge to Certifications.
W
A challenge to any required certification made hy the applicant may be
filed with the Director within 30 days after the application is filed by:
ill
ill
~
resident or owner of real property located within 300 feet of~
licensed or proposed bed and breakfast; or
~
civic or homeowner's association comprised of property
owners located within 300 feet of~ licensed or proposed bed and
breakfast.
.(hl
The Director must, within 60 days after receipt of the challenge:
ill
ill
provide notice of the challenge to the applicant;
provide an opportunity for the applicant to respond to the
challenge;
ill
ill
54-47. Suspension
investigate the question of fact raised hy the challenge; and
revoke or deny the license if the Director finds that one or more
facts certified hy the applicant is false.
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BILL
No. 2-16
505
506
507
508
509
51
o
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
(a) The license must be suspended for any applicant receiving at least three
verified complaints within a calendar year.
(b) Renewal or reinstatement of licenses must follow procedures established
by the Director.
Appeals.
Any person aggrieved by an approval, denial, revocation or suspension of~
bed and breakfast license may appeal the decision to the Board of Appeals.
The Board of Appeals must hold~ hearing on the appeal within 30 days after
the notice of appeal has been filed, and must act on the appeal within 30 days
after the hearing.
54-48. Effect of! revocation.
For
~
period of
J
years after
~
license is revoked, the Director must not issue
f!:
bed and breakfast or short-term residential rental license to:
W
.(hl
the former licensee or
f!:
member of the former licensee's household; or
any applicant for~ license to use the same dwelling unit where the license
was revoked.
Approved:
523
Roger Berliner, President, County Council
Date
524
Approved:
525
Isiah Leggett, County Executive
Date
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LEGISLATIVE REQUEST REPORT
Bill 2-16
Transient Housing
-
Licensing and Registration
DESCRIPTION:
PROBLEM:
The Bill would amend Chapter 54 of the County Code by updating and
simplifying licensing and registration requirements.
The code includes forms of transient housing that are no longer
permitted by the zoning code. The requirements for hotels are out
dated. The requirements for non-hotels are overly burdensome. The
Department responsible for all forms of transient housing has only
issued licenses for hotels.
The Bill will make the process for licensing and registration more
efficient for hotels and other transient housing.
Department of Permitting Services, Health and Human Services and
Housing and Community Development.
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be requested.
To be researched.
Departments of Permitting Services, Health and Human Services and
Housing and Community Development.
To be researched.
GOALS AND
OBJECTIVES:
COORDINATION:
FISCAL IMP ACT:
ECONOMIC
IMPACT:
EVALUATION:
EXPERIENCE
ELSEWHERE:
SOURCE OF
INFORMATION:
APPLICATION
WITIDN
MUNICIPALITIES:
PENAL TIES:
NA
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.. ."1
; _-_
-:~-:·
Fiscal Impact Statement
Council Bill 2-16
Transient Housing
-
Licensing and Registration
1. Legislative Summary.
Bill 2-16 defines hotel, bed and breakfas~ and short term residential rental, and deletes
obsolete definitions of other types of transient housing. While hotels will continue to
follow current licensing requirements, the bill establishes a new method of licensing for
bed and breakfast establishments and short tenn residential rental units, including the
requirement that the Department of Health and Human Service (DHHS) establish an
electronic, on-line licensing system.
2. An estimate of changes in County revenues and expenditures regardless of whether
the revenues or expenditures are assuined
in
the recommended or approved budget.
Includes source of information, assumptions, and methodologies used.
It
is estimated that there are 1,400 potential short-term residential rental unit licensees in
the County that would be affected by the bill. The Department does not anticipate a
significant increase in the number of bed and breakf~t establishments.
Expenditures
As
shown in
Exhibit 1
under Number 3, the cost to implement this bill in FY18 is
estimated to be $213,947. Annual expenditures are estimated to be approximately
$211,000 beginning in FY19.
The bill requires DHHS to establish an electronic, online licensing system. Such a
system does not currently exist in the Department's Licensing and Regulatory Services
office. Products are being evaluated, and additional research is required to obtain a more
precise cost estimate of implementing such a system. For illustrative purposes, based on
a quote from Host Compliance, a vendor currently providing electronic solutions to local
governments for this service, such a system could cost up to $100,000 annually for
software licensing fees.
In
addition to
annual
software licensing fees, there would be one-time expenditures of up
to $55,000 for a contractor to develop system requirements. This estimate is based on
1,000 hours of work at $55 per hour.
To handle complaints, track data analytics, and perform outreach and education, the
Department would need one part-time Environmental Health Specialist (0.5 FTE) at an
estimated cost of$48,018 annually beginning in FY18. This estimate assumes 100
complaints are received annually, requiring an average of3 hours to resolve, and that 15
hours of education and outreach is performed weekly. In addition, the review of annual
license applications is estimated to require up to 250hours of an Office Service
Coordinator support at an estimated cost of $8,429 (assuming $33.71/hr). Beginning in
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FY19, the Departmen t may need a part-time Information Systems and Technology
Specialist (0.5 FTE) to maintain and troubleshoot the system
at an
estimated annual cost
of $52,147.
Annual
expenditures for outreach, printed materials, website design and content
developme nt would cost approximately $2,500.
Revenues
Fees
for
short-term residential rental units would need to be established by Executive
Regulation. As shown
in
Exhibit 2
under Number
3,
for illustrative purposes, assuming
a $100
annual
fee for 1,400 short-term residential rental unit licensees, revenues would
be $140,000 annually.
Currently, the Montgomery County licensing fee for boarding houses is $85 per year.
'Licensing fees in other jurisdictions that have passed similar laws include San Francisco,
CA ($50 for 2 years), and Portland, OR ($178 for the first year and $62 each subsequent 2
years).
3. Revenue and expenditure estimates covering at least the next 6 fiscal years.
Exhibit 1. Expenditure Estimates
Estimated Expenditures
FY18
FY19
FY20
FY21
FY22
-
Personnel Costs
Environment al Health Spec {0.5 FTEs)
$48,018 $48,018 $48,018 $48,018 $48,018
Office Services Coordinator {250 hrs)
$8,429
$8,429
$8,429
$8,429
$8,429
Information Systems
&
Tech Spec (0.5 FTEs)
$0 $52,147 $52,147 $52,147 $52,147
Subtotal
$56,447 $108,594 $108,594 $108,594 $108,594
Operating Expenses
Annual Software Licensing Fees
$100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000 $100,000
IT Contractor for System Dev (1,000 hrs)
$55,000
$0
$0
$0
$0
Outreach, printing, web design, content
developmen t
$2,500
$2,500
$2,500
$2,500
$2;500
Subtotal
$157,500 $102,500 $102,500 $102,500 $102,500
Grand Total
$213,947 $211,094 $211,094 $211,094 $211,094
Costs based on vendor quote for electronic licensing and registration system.
IT contractor for planning and development estimate based on 1,000 hrs of requirements @ $55/hr
FY23
$48,018
$8,429
$52,147
$108,594
$100,000
$0
$2,500
$102,500
$211,094
Total 6-yrs
$288,108
$50,574
$260,735
$599,417
$600,000
$55,000
$15,000
$670,000
$1,269,417
Exhibit 2. Revenue Estimates
-
Short-term Residential Rental Units
Revenue Estimate
Fee
FY18
FY19
FY20
Revenue
#
FYZl
Revenue
#
FYZZ
Revenue
#
FYZ3
Revenue
#
6-VrTotal
#
Revenue
#
Annual
licensing Fee
Revenue Revenue
$100 1,400 $140,000 1,400 $140,000 1,400 $140,000 1,400 $140,000 1,400 $140,000 1,400 $140,000 $840,000
Note: The actual licensing fee would need to be established by Executive Regulation. For
illustrative purposes, this estimate assumes a $100 licensing fee.
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..• !
... l
4. An actuarial analysis through the ~ntire amortization period for each bill that would
affect retiree pension or group insurance costs.
Not applicable.
5. An estimate of expenditures related to County's information technology (IT)
·
systems, including Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems.
Establishing an online licensing process, would require new software.
As described
in
Number 2, this cost estimate assumes that the Department would contract
with a vendor to provide this software at an estimated
annual
cost of up to
$100,000
for
software license fees.
In
addition, establishing the product requirements for the online
licensing software is estimated to cost up to
$55,000
in one-time expenses for
a
contractor in FY
18;
whereas, ongoing operating and maintenance of the system is
estimated to cost up to
$52,147
annually in personnel costs beginning in FYl 9.
6. Later actions that may affect future revenue and expenditures if the bill authorizes
future spending.
Future spending is not authorized by the
bill.
7.
An estimate of the staff time needed to implement the bill.
To handle complaints, track data analytics, and perform outreach and education, the
Department would need one part-time Environmental Health Specialist
(0.5
FTE) at an
estimated cost ·of
$48,018
annually beginning in FYl 8. This estimate assumes
I 00
complaints are received annually, requiring
an
average of
3
hours to resolve, and that
15
hours of education and outreach is performed weekly.
In
addition, the review of annual
license applications is estimated to require up to
250
hours of an Office Service
Coordinator support at an estimated cost of $8,429 (assuming
$33.71/hr).
Beginning in
FY19, the Department may need a part-time Information Systems and Technology
Specialist
(0.5
FTE) to maintain and troubleshoot the system at an estimated annual cost
of
$52,147.
·
To establish applications and licenses would require approximately
80
hours of
administrative staff
time.
8.
An
explanation of how the addition of new staff responsibilities would affect other
duties.
Additional time required to implement and administer the program might result
in
delays
in customer service for existing license and regulation services.
9. An estimate of costs when an additional appropriation
is
needed.
See Number 3.
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10. A description of any variable that could affect revenue and cost estimates~
The specific requirements and specifications of the electronic online licensing product
have not been determined. This cost estimate assumes that the Department would
contract with a vendor to provide this software at an estimated annual cost of up to
$100,000 for software license fees, depending on product requirements.
The number of actual potential licensees is difficult to estimate and might change.
Any
significant change in the number of licensees would impact both revenue and cost .
estimates accordingly.
11. Ranges of revenue or expenditures that arc uncertain or difficult
to
project.
More precise revenue and expenditure projections cannot be made until the licensing fees
have been established, the actual potential number of licensees is known, and the costs of
purchasing and implementing the electronic online licensing software are known.
12.
H
a bill is likely to have no fiscal impact, why that is the case.
Not applicable.
13. Other fiscal impacts or comments.
14. The following contributed to and concurr~ with this analysis:
Clark Beil, Licensure and Regulatory Services, DHHS
Jason Rundell, DHHS
Joshua Watters,
0MB
@
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i-·-·
Economic Impact Statement
Bill 2-16 Transient Housing - License and Registration
Background:
Bill 2-16 would revise Chapter 54 of the County Code. The revisions update the provisions for
hotels, delete forms of transient housing no longer allowed by the Zoning Code (Chapter 59),
establish a less burdensome method of licensing for Bed and Breakfast establishments and Short
Term Residential Rental (STRR), and assign responsibilities for licensing between Executive
departments. As introduced, Bill 2-16 would simplify existing requirements for hotels in more
precise, concise, and decisive text. Licenses for a Bed and Breakfast would be by self-
certification but subject to revocation based on substantiated complaints. The Bill intends to
make the process for licensing and registration more efficient for hotels and other transient
housing.
In February 2016, the County Council introduced Zoning Text Amendment 16-03 (ZTA 16-03)
in conjunction with Bill 2-16 to expand the Bed and Breakfast use to allow short-term residential
rentals as limited uses in many zones. Bill 2-16 anticipates the approval of ZTA 16-03> however,
the enactment of Bill 2-16 does not require the approval of ZTA 16-03. Under the new Zoning
Code, household living is defined as the residential occupancy of a dwelling by a household on a
monthly or longer basis. Currently,
an
owner may not rent "or loan for no charge" their dwelling
for shorter time periods. A Bed and Breakfast is a separately defined use (a detached house that
is owner-occupied with no more than
5
guest rooms-for rent and customarily serves breakfasts to
guests) with specific standards. In the opinion of the sponsor, the limitations on short-term rental
forecloses the opportunity for owners to benefit from the sharing economy. The sponsor
believes that the opportunities for short-term tenancy should be expanded.
The Montgomery County Planning Board recommends with ZTA 16-03 that
all
short-term
rentals
be
monitored and licensed
by
the County and suggests an enforcement measure that
would suspend a host's STRR license if at least three verified complaints against the host have
been received within a calendar year. The Board further recommends that the property owner or
tenant who "hosts" the short-term rental ofth~ unit must be the primary resident of the home.
The Board's intent is to strike a balance recognizing the demand for short term residential rentals
and the benefit such rentals provide
to
both host and renters without commercializing residential
neighborhoods.
1. The sources of information, assumptions, and methodologies used.
Montgomery County Planning Board Recommendation to Council for Zoning Text
Amendment 16-03, May 2017
Sheppard, Stephen and Udell, Andrew; "Do Airbnb Properties Affect House Prices?";
Williams College Department of Economics, October 2016
Zervas, Georgios, Proserpio, Davide, and Byers, John; "The Rise of the Sharing
Economy: Estimating the Impact of Airbnd
on
the Hotel Industry", Boston University &
The University of Southern California, November 2016
Shafroth,
Frank;
Governing Magazine, "Airbnb Creates an Affordable-Housing Dilemma
for Cities", September 2016
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Economic Impact Statement
Bill 2-16 Transient Housing - License and Registration
Bill 2-16, in conjunction with ZTA No. 16-03, would allow a means for property owners to
earn income through the sharing economy. It would allow for "Airbnb " or other similar short
term residential rentals. Airbnb is an internet based incarnation of a bed and brealcfast. The
growth of peer-to-peer markets has provided a mechanism through which private individuals
can enter a market as small scale, often temporary, suppliers of a good or service. Airbnb
allows the occupant of a housing unit to advertise their willingness to rent an entire
residenc e, or room or space in the residence, for any duration; rentals could be as short as
1
day, but are generally for fewer than 30 days. Homeowners or tenants renting space through
any Airbnb like establis ~ent would still be required to obtain a County license allowing
"transien t visitors."
With the rise of the sharing economy, and the economic and social benefits to residents of
sharing resources, short-term rental activity continues to grow, with Montgomery County
having an estimated 1,400 short-term rentaUistings. As part of the fiscal impact analysis
complet ed for the bill, the Departm ent of Health and Human Services assumes a licensing fee
of approxim ately $100 will accompany the registration process resulting in additional net
income to the County of $140,000.
2. A description of any variable that could affect the economic impact estimates.
Variables that could affect the economic impact estimates include:
I.) The number and location of STTR listings particularly those near densely populate d
Metro stations
2.) The sharing economy 's impact on housing affordability and property values in the
County
3.) The negative externalities caused by sharing economy guests in a currently unregulated
hotel industry environment
4.) The positive impact on the County from the sharing economy including new income
streams for residents as well as encouraging tourism and its associated economic benefits
5.) The negative impact on County hotel revenues given additional STIR options
Stephen Sheppar d and Andrew Udell note in their 2016 study "Do Airbnb Properties Affect
House Prices?" that" ... most policy makers appear to believe that Airbnb causes housing
prices to increase ." They note as residences are held as assets and rented via Airbnb to create
an income stream, this can permit speculating for potential capital appreciation as well as
generati ng rental income during the period of ownership. The potential income and capital
gains might jointly draw investors to purchase residential property not for their own use and
to hold onto properties for longer because rental income obtained via Airbnb ultin:i.ately
reduces the cost of ownership. Either of these mechanisms would effectively increase
demand for housing and drive up the price of sales and rentals on these units.
the Hotel Industry " Georgios Zervas and colleagues attempt to quantify Airbnb's impact on
local neighborhoods. Focusing on Airbnb usage in Texas, they found
that
a 10% increase in
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In
their 2016 paper "The Rise of the Sharing Economy: Estimating the Impact of Airbnd on
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Economic Impact Statement
Bill 2-16 Transient Housing - License and Registration
the number oflistings available on Airbnb is associated with a 0.34% decrease in monthly
hotel revenues. With municipalities struggling to balance the economic boost from the
growth of home-sharing services with the pressing need for affordable housing, ZTA 16-03 is ..
framed in a manner by the Montgomery County Planning Board to mitigate the primary
concerns raised during the legislative process including
(1)
negative impacts on residential
neighborhoods,
(2)
decreased supply of affordable rental housing, and
(3)
unfair competition
with the hotel industry.
3. The Bill's positive or negative effect,
if
any on employment, spending,savings,
investment, incomes, and property values in the County.
The Bill's economic impacts, both positive and negative, derive from the resulting market
dynamics of the sharing economy. Potentially negative effects include widespread
conversion of residential housing
to
short-term rentals, that when taken to extremes, results
in the loss of housing for permanent residents. Turning long-term rentals into short-term
rentals can change the character of the community, tighten the housing supply, and make
neighborhoods less stable. Home-sharing services take apartments off the long-term rental
· market and
are
a factor in driving up rents to unaffordable levels particularly
in
areas like
Montgomery County where housing costs are high.
Positive effects include property values may increase both because of increased demand for
commercial (non-residential) space, as well as the localized provision of amenities for
visitors. There are also mechanisms that may cause property values to decrease. The
increase in densities that come from accommodating more people, or the negative
externalities (such as noise, traffic, and safety concerns) caused by Airbnb guests might make
living near concentrations of Airbnb units unpleasant. Another difficult-to-quantify but
potentially significant factor would be the signal that increasing Airbnb availability might
provide for neighborhood quality and subsequent gentrification. The emergence of
concentrated provision of Airbnb units could itself induce speculative purchase ofresidential
property in anticipation of subsequent capital gains. Sheppard and Udell in their study found
a doubling of Airbnb listings is associated
Wlth
increases of
6%
to
11 %
in house values
with
other conditions remaining the same. Studies conducted in New York and
Los
Angeles do
not necessarily provide reasonable comparable metrics for the County given the considerable
differences in demographics, populations, and density variables of the cities studied.
An estimated economic impact cannot be quantified with specificity on employment,
spending, savings, investment, incomes, or property values given a lack of data enumerating
the resulting impacts from the sharing economies for the County. The economic impact
resulting from Bill 2;.16 in conjunction with ZTA 16-03 will likely be multifaceted. The
analysis _would need to consider whether Airbnb units have the potential to increase the
County's local population, especially local tourist population, and generate local economic
impact on businesses by increasing the demand for local goods and services. This may cause
incomes to rise as well
as
increase localized provision of amenities that provide inviting
goods and services to visitors. Prior research indicates the most likely effects to include
increases in rental rates and property values, new income streams for residents, encouraged
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Economic Impact Statement
Bill
2-16
Transient Housing -Licens e and Registration
tourism and its associated economic benefits. Negative effects include, in extreme instances,
the potential loss of housing for permanent residents, tightened housing supply, and
potentially less stable neighborhoods. The extent of each of these responses and how they
correlate cannot be estimated without additional County specific
data
enumerating the effects
an estimated 1,400 available Airbnb units. will have over the course of each of these possible
outcome s in a newly studied landscape of sharing economies.
4.
If
a Bill is likely to have no economic impact, why is that the case?
See number 3.
5.
.
The following contributed to or concurred with this analysis:
David
Platt,
Dennis Hetman, and Robert Hagedoorn, Finance.
Al ;!½~D'
exan e . spmosa,
Departm ent of Finance
rrector
Date·
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