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COMMUNITY POLICING

The Montgomery County Department of Police embraces the concept of community policing as a philosophy and an organizational strategy. This approach allows the police and the community to work closely together in creative ways to solve the problems of crime or fear of crime; address physical and social disorder; and advance the overall quality of life in the community. This philosophy rests on the belief that the community deserves input into the process and that solutions to today's community problems require both the public and the police to address neighborhood concerns beyond a narrow focus on individual crime incidents. It includes community partnerships, organizational transformation, and problem solving, and is built upon the Ten Guiding Principles of Community Policing, identified by the U.S. Department of Justice:
 

1. Crime prevention is the responsibility of the total community.
2.   The police and community share ownership, responsibility, and accountability for the prevention for crime.
3.   Police effectiveness is a function of crime control, crime prevention, problem solving, community satisfaction, quality of life, and community engagement.
4.   Mutual trust between the police and the community is essential for effective policing.
5.   Crime prevention must be a flexible, long-term strategy in which the police and community collectively commit to resolving the complex and chronic causes of crime.
6.   Community policing requires the knowledge, access, and mobilization of community resources.
7.   Community policing can only succeed when top management, police and government officials enthusiastically support its principles and tenets.
8.   Community policing depends on decentralized, community-based participation in decision making.
9.   Community policing allocates resources and services based on analysis, identification, and projection of patterns and trends, rather than incidents.
10. Community policing requires an investment in training with special attention to problem analysis and problem solving, facilitation, community organization, communication, mediation and conflict resolution, resource identification and use, networking and linkages, and cross-cultural competency.

 
The MCPD is focused on building trust and establishing legitimacy through engagement, communication, education, and prevention with all the communities that it serves. Establishing and maintaining partnerships with the community is important. Programs and services offered by the MCPD are a critical component to building trust and addressing neighborhood concerns. These partnerships directly contribute to enhanced police-citizen cooperation, including the flow of information about community concerns, crimes and suspects; facilitate mutual respect among officers and the communities they protect and serve; and can be a force multiplier that allows law enforcement to tap into valuable community resources in efforts to prevent and deter crime. Ultimately, all officers are expected to be visible, accessible and accountable to the people they serve. An effective community policing strategy cannot be reactionary in nature, and must be comprehensive, improving the department’s ability to communicate with and better serve the community, and enhancing our ability to accomplish the department’s mission.
 
In 2016, as part of the
Police Data Initiative, the MCPD established a dataset on the County’s open data portal, which presents the wide variety of community events that police officers and command staff are involved in.
 
The MCPD’s annual community policing report, submitted to the Maryland Police Training and Standards Commission as a requirement of §3-207, can be found below.
 
MCPD 2017 Community Policing Annual Report

 

Montgomery County Department of Police · J. Thomas Manger, Chief
Public Safety Headquarters
100 Edison Park Drive · Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Non-emergency: 301.279.8000
 
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