Licensing and Registration Unit (L&R)
> How to Apply
Who Must Be Licensed?
Chapter 29 of the Montgomery County Code requires that owners of residential property be licensed before their property may be rented to someone else. Two classes of Rental Facility Licenses exist, depending upon the structure type of the rental property:
*This application is not for Class 3 Accessory Apartments. Please go to the Class 3 Accessory Apartment application page.
The obligation to License rests with the owner of the property. The licensing requirements DO NOT APPLY to properties located within the city limits of certain incorporated municipalities. To determine if licensing requirements apply, property owners may call the Licensing and Registration Unit at (240) 777-0311. Owners of property located within incorporated municipalities should also contact local city governments to inquire about municipal licensing requirements.
Note - Room Rentals: An owner occupying his/her home is not required to obtain a rental facility license.
What's the Process?
The licensing process is performed by the Licensing and Registration Unit of the Department of Housing and Community Affairs. The process includes completion of a Rental Facility License Application and payment of an annual license fee. Once a property owner is licensed, the Department automatically generates a renewal notice each year. The license fee year runs from each July 1st through the following June 30.
What are the New Requirements regarding Lead Based Paint?
Effective January 1, 2015, the Montgomery County Department of Housing and Community Affairs (DHCA) is compelled by legislation enacted by the Maryland General Assembly to require that owners of rental properties built prior to January 1, 1978 demonstrate full compliance with the requirements of the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) Lead Poisoning Prevention Program when issuing a Rental Facility License.
The Rental Facility License Application for all rental types now requires acknowledgement of the date built. If the property was built before January 1, 1978, proof of current registration with the MDE Lead Poisoning Prevention Program; and proof that an accredited inspector has certified that the property meets one of the required inspection standards (lead-free certificate, limited lead-free certificate, or a full risk reduction certificate) must be submitted.
For further information regarding the Maryland Department of the Environment’s Lead Poisoning Prevention Program, contact the MDE at 1 (800) 633-6101 or visit the MDE website at www.MDE.state.md.us/lead.
Are there penalties for failure to obtain a License?
Any person who operates a rental property without first having obtained a License is subject to a class A violation and may have to pay civil fines as a penalty.